Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain
or cramps, watery or loose diarrhea, malaise (general uneasiness or
discomfort), low-grade fever, and muscle pain. Signs and symptoms usually
begin 12-48 hours after first exposure to the virus and last 1-3 days. Some
infected people may not show any signs or symptoms, but they are still
contagious and can spread the virus.
The virus is highly contagious and
commonly spread through food or water that is contaminated during preparation
or contaminated surfaces. Can also be infected through close contact with an
Cannot prevent norovirus after you
are exposed but there are ways to prevent yourself from getting the infection Wash your hands thoroughly. Avoid
contaminated food and water, including food that may have been prepared by
someone who was sick. Wash fruits and vegetables before eating. Cook seafood
thoroughly. Dispose of vomit and fecal matter carefully, to avoid spreading
norovirus by air. Disinfect virus-contaminated areas with bleach. Stay home
from school or work, especially if your job involves handling food. You may
be contagious as long as three days after your symptoms end. Avoid traveling
until symptoms end.
Norovirus causes inflammation of the stomach or intestines
or both. This is called acute gastroenteritis. It occurs most frequently in
closed and crowded environments such as hospitals, nursing homes, child care
centers, schools, and cruise ships.
Norovirus symptoms are developed 12-48
hours after the first exposure. The illness lasts 1-3 days and will last 4-6
days in young children, sick people, and older adults.
No specific medicine to treat
people with norovirus illness. Norovirus infection cannot be treated with
antibiotics because it is a viral (not a bacterial) infection. If you are
under 65, you may take over-the-counter anti-diarrheal pills. Hydrate with
plenty of liquids so you do not become dehydrated from diarrhea and/or