Are Animals Dying?

            People are using animals in various
part of their life for their own benefit. Many different kinds of animals have
long been used as a source of entertainment, experiment etc. in the whole
world. Unfortunately, animals are still being used by people in this day and
age. Using animals in different kinds of sectors means removing animals from
their natural habitat or family. Most of the animals which used in these
sectors, don’t know real world namely, wildlife. Distressingly, they spend lots
of the time in cages, laboratories or chains. The number of the animals which
used for our benefit is increasing day by day, they come face to face danger
and also they are suffering not only physically but also mentally in this
areas. For instance, according to data of PETA (animal rights organization),
every year in the U.S  more than 100
million animals dying and suffering in medical experiments and nearly 96% of
animals which used in circuses or entertainment industry spent their life in
cages unfortunately because of these industries many of them dying in an awful
way (Sandler, J. 2002, September 22 , para.5). In my opinion, it’s horrible and
I’m against this situation because it’s 
not ethical. Animals have rights like us so they don’t have to die or
harm because of our benefit(make money). Most of the people see them as a tool
or object and they don’t think animals have emotion like us and they don’t want
to see the dark side of these industries.

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are always advocating human rights and talking about human rights.
Nonsensically, when the issue is animals people prefer to ignore them. The real
reason for this behaviour that they think themselves in the centre of the world
because people are selfish and egocentric. Animals are seen as an object by
people who have fun with animals. They prefer to go to circus or zoos just to
have fun and have a good time. To give an example of the entertainment
industry, every year thousands of tourists want to go to Spain to watch
bullfighting and they push to watch this ferocity. When they watch the
violence, get pleasure in a kind of absurd way. It seems hard to believe that,
bullfighting in which most of the bulls die, is a cultural and traditional
symbols in Spain, it’s difficult to understand people pay money to watch this
calamity. I suggest that bullfighting should have been banned long ago because
it is barbaric and not an ethical. According to the news published in the BBC;
“It’s a cultural tradition. As something for which I risk my life for on a
regular basis, it demands respect and bullfighting are going through a crucial
time,” says Juan Diego Vicente, current president of Spain’s Bullfighters’
Union (UT) (Badcock, J. 2016, Will Spain ever ban bullfighting?). In  Thousands of people watch cockfight, horse
riding and they make a bet on animals to earn money. In the circuses, they are
kept caged in barren, people doing that with painful tools (like electric prods)
to educate animals before the shows or races.

            Another field where animals are most
used is an experiment and cosmetic sectors. According to the DFG, which is the
very substantial German research institution; The German Ministry of Food and
Agriculture and the Federal Statistical Office annually record the total number
of all animals used in Germany. In 2014, 2.798 million animals were used for
research purposes. Included in this are 2.008 million animals used in animal
testing and 789,926 used for organ extraction. The number of animals needed for
research purposes corresponds to 0.35% of all 795 million animals used in
Germany – this small percentage is essential for gaining knowledge about the
natural basis of life and for medical progress (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
[DFG], 2016, p.9). Unfortunately, in our country animal experiment is allowed
for scientific researchers with Law No. 5199 on Animal Protection and so many
Turkish brands use the animals in experiments and many brands continue to test
on animals, however, some countries introduce laws to keep animals which are
used as a source of amusement. Thousands, even millions of animals are dying
because of these research and they do not have to die every year for medicines,
vaccines or beauty products.

            In cosmetic sector or health sector,
these animals are sometimes used in the testing of products (generally cosmetic
product), vaccines etc. to control the safety of the products or drugs. The
real reason why many animals are used in these tests is that the reactions of
different animal species to chemistry can be different from each other.
Commonly mice and rabbits are used in an experiment in this industry. There are
several kinds of animal tests which are damaging animals physically and
mentally, these are; acute toxicity, reproductive and developmental, eye and
skin irritation/corrosion and skin sensitization testing). During tests, the
animals lose their minds painfully. Lucky ones can be killed however, unlucky
ones suffer for days and even months. At the end of the test, euthanasia can be
done to avoid more pain.

           The most crucial points are how we
can oppose to the use of animals in different kinds of areas or what should we
do? There are some methods in order to reduce the impact of research on animals,
these are ; reduction, refinement, and replacement. Three of the principles,
devised by W. Russell and R. Burch in 1959. The aim of these methods to avoid
animal tests where possible to decrease their number and to restrict damage
caused to animals during the experiments to the essential minimum. The aim of
the refinement is reducing the use of invasive techniques and providing better medical
care. Other method that named is replacement , the aim of the this method is
replacing experiments and tests with different alternative ways such as we can
use technological models or human volunteers. Another statistical and
methodological improvement way is reduction, thanks to reduction method we can
reduce the number of experimental animals with technological methods or other
methods. (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft [DFG], 2016 , p.47).

         Consequently, when every example taken
into the consideration animals have emotion and feeling like human so we should
take action to prevent horrible events(using in entertainment, experiment etc.).
There are some methods to decrease the impact of these actions. To give an
example to that, if we want to protect animals life  , we shouldn’t go to the circuses or zoos
instead of that we can see animals in their natural environment in the simplest
term. In addition to that,  many famous cosmetic
brands use animals as a experimental object 
to control cosmetic product, there are so many reliable cosmetic brands
that do not use animals in test so we can use this brands that do not use
animals to protect animals life. 


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