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TITLE: RELOCATION, the case of  OF MALDHARI FAMILIES OF RAJKOT

 

ABSTRACT: THERE has BEEN NUMBER OF CASES WHERE HUMAN AND/OR STRAY CATTLE GOT INJURED OR LOST THEIR LIFE BECAUSE OF STRAY CATTLE IN THE MEGA CITIES. THE MUNICIPALITY HAD MADE ANNOUNCEMENTS SEVERAL TIMES AND URGED THE PEOPLE NOT TO LET THEIR CATTLE ROAM IN THE OPEN. HOWEVER, AS THE ANNOUNCEMENTS DID NOT WORK, MUNICIPAL  AUTHORITY REGULARLY  IMPOUNDS THE STRAY CATTLE AND SEND THEM TO PANJRAPOLS AROUND THE CITY BUT THE SITUATION DOES NOT CHANGE ON GROUND.

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RAJKOT MUNICIPAL CORPORATION STARTED THE SCHEME OF RELOCATION TO MALDHARI FAMILIES OF RAJKOT ,RMC BEGINS THE SPECIAL DRIVE TO SPEED UP THE PROCESS OF RELOCATING THE MALDHARI FAMILIES AND THEIR CATTLE FROM CITY TO OUTSIDE THE CIVIC BODY’S LIMIT, WHERE MALDHARI FAMILIES WILL BE RELOCATED AND GIVEN FACILITIES FOR THEIR CATTLE.

 

MOTIVATION: IN A COUNTRY WHERE EATING BEEF CAN GET YOU KILLED, COW SEEM TO GET A LOT MORE OF INDIA’S ATTENTION WHEN THEY ARE DEAD THAN THEY DO WHEN THEY ARE ALIVE.

 

BACKGROUND:  WE HAVE MANY VARIOUS RELIGIONS AND THEY ALL HAVE THEIR DIFFERENT VIEW OF ANIMALS AND THEIR PLACE IN OUR LIVES. THE COWS ARE REGARDED AS SACRED TO HINDUS. YEARS AGO MALDHARI LIVED IN THE RURAL AREAS OF RAJKOT AND SOME OTHER DISTRICTS. AROUND 15-20 YEARS AGO THEY CAME TO CITY TO SELL THEIR GOODS FOR THEIR CONVENIENCE, THEN THEY MIGRATED TO THE CITY’S SUBURBS FOR BETTER LIVING CONDITIONS WITH THE URBANISATION.CITY EXPANDED TO THE OUTSKIRTS IN LAST FEW YEARS SO THAT MALDHARI SETTLEMENT GOT SURROUNDED WITH CITY DEVELOPMENTS WHICH AFFECTED THEIR LIFESTYLES AND CAUSE CATTLE GRAZING ISSUES IN THOSE AREAS, SO THE MALDHARIS LET THEIR CATTLE STRAY ON THE ROADS THROUGH THE DAY, WHICH causes MANY ISSUES TO THE OTHER CITIZENS AS WELL AS TO THEMSELVES.

STRAY ANIMALS CAUSED NUISANCE DURING DAY AND NIGHT.THE STRAY ANIMALS HAVE BECOME A GREAT NUISANCE FOR THE PEDESTRIANS AS WELL AS FOR THE DRIVERS OF THE VEHICLES. THEY CAUSE FREQUENT TRAFFIC JAMS AND ACCIDENTS.SOMETIMES ROWS OF STRAY COWS AND BULLS BLOCK THE ROAD AND CAUSE TRAFFIC JAMS AND ACCIDENTS.

IT IS A COMMON SIGHT TO SEE STRAY ANIMALS LOITERING AROUND AND EVEN OCCUPYING THE MIDDLE OF THE ROAD. THIS DISRUPTS TRAFFIC FLOW AND OFTEN LEADS TO JAMS. MANY TIMES, BULLS LOCK HORNS ON THE ROADS AND POSE THREAT TO THE LIVES OF THE PASSERS-BY.THERE ARE AROUND 1700 -1800 MALDHARI FAMILIES ARE LIVING IN RAJKOT CITY AREA WHO OWN AROUND 35,000 CATTLE IN THE CITY AS PER CATTLE CENSUS OF 2012.

RMC HAD RECEIVED APPLICATION FROM AROUND 860 MALDHARI FAMILIES FOR RELOCATION ALONG WITH THEIR CATTLE.UNDER THE SCHEME, EACH CATTLE OWNER GETS LAND TO CONSTRUCT A HOUSE AND SPACE TO KEEP THE CATTLE. RMC HAS IDENTIFIED SOME LOCATIONS — BAGHI VILLAGE, RAJGADH, MANHAR PUR AMARGADH (BHICHARI) AND LOTHDA VILLAGES — FOR RELOCATION OF MALDHARIS WITH THEIR CATTLE. ALL VILLAGES ARE LOCATED VERY CLOSED TO THE CITY AND IS EVEN CONVENIENT FOR CATTLE OWNERS.

 

CONCERN: MALDHARI FAMILIES WANT TO SHIFT FROM CITY FOR THEIR AND THEIR CATTLE’S BETTERMENT AND THIS PROBLEM SOLVES MANY ISSUES IN CITY AREA.

 

AIM: PROVIDE  BETTER LIFESTYLE TO THE MALDHARI FAMILIES AND TO GIVE BETTER FACILITIES TO THE CATTLES FOR THEIR GROWTH AND TO PROTECT THEM.

 

DESIGN PROJECT: COMMUNITY HOUSING FOR MALDHARI FAMILIES WITH PROVIDING ALL THE BASIC FACILITIES.

OBJECTIVES: THE FOLLOWING OBJECTIVE SHOULD BE FULFILLED TO ACHIEVE THE GOAL.

1)     TO GIVE HOUSEHOLDS ACCESS TO HOUSING THAT IS APPROPRIATE TO THEIR  AND THEIR CATTLE’S NEEDS.

2)    TO RESPOND TO THE RISE IN DEMAND FOR AFFORDABLE HOUSES FOR MALDHARIS WHO WANT TO RELOCATE.

3)    TO PROMOTE A RANGE OF HOUSING THAT IS AFFORDABLE TO MALDHARIS OF VARYING FINANCIAL CAPACITY.

4)    TO ENSURE THAT THE LOCATION OF HOUSING OFFERS MALDHARIS ADEQUATE ACCESS TO TRANSPORT, EMPLOYMENT, SERVICES, AND TO SOCIAL AND SUPPORT NETWORKS.

5)    TO ENCOURAGE ADAPTABLE AND ACCESSIBLE HOUSING THAT CAN RESPOND TO THE CHANGING NEEDS OF RESIDENTS.

 

DESIGN PROJECT:

RELOCATE THE MALDHARI FAMILIES FROM THE RAJKOT CITY.RAJKOT

 PROVIDING THE SHELTER TO MALDHARIS AND THEIR CATTLE WITH ALL BASIC FACILITIES.

METHODOLOGY:

1)    STUDYING THE MALDHARI FAMILIE’S HISTORY, CULTURE, AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC STRUCTURE TO UNDERSTAND THE LIFESTYLE OF THEM.

2)    INTERVIEWS WITH MALDHARI FAMILIES SHALL BE CARRIED TO KNOW THEIR NEEDS.

3)    INTERVIEWS WITH THE RMC OFFICIALS SHALL BE CARRIED TO KNOW WHAT FACILITIES WILL BE PROVIDED BY GOVERNMENT TO THE MALDHARIS AND TO COLLECT OTHER REQUIRED DATA.

4)    FIND OUT THE COMMUNITY PERSPECTIVE ON MALDHARI’S PARTICIPATION IN RELOCATION.

5)    QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE METHODS SHALL BE USED TO OBTAIN DATA.

6)    USING SEARCH ENGINE SUCH AS GOOGLE AND SOME NATIONAL/LOCAL NEWSPAPER, ARTICLES, NEWS CHANEL QUALITATIVE DATA IS COLLECTED.

7)    QUANTITIVE DATA IS CARRIED OUT FROM THE RESOURCES LIKE GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL SITES AND FROM LATEST CENSUS DATA.

LITERATURE REVIEWS:

MALDHARIS ARE MAINLY DISTRIBUTED IN JUNAGADH, RAJKOT, SURENDRANAGAR AND BHAVNAGAR DISTRICTS. THEY ARE STILL FOLLOWING THEIR TRADITIONAL AND RITUALS. DESPITE THE DESTITUTION INTO WHICH THEY’VE BEEN THRUST BY ECONOMIC, POLITICAL, AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES IN MODERN INDIA, THEY REMAIN REVERED FOR THEIR MASTERY OF RAISING LIVESTOCK. LITERACY HAS NOT MADE SATISFACTORY PROGRESS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY.  VERY FEW PROFESSIONALS ARE FOUND IN THE COMMUNITY AS MOST OF THEM DO NOT CONTINUE BEYOND THE PRIMARY LEVEL. QUALITY OF LIFE OF THE DISPLACED MALDHARI FAMILIES SHOULD BE IMPROVED AFTER THEIR REHABILITATION.THEY HAVE VERY DIFFERENT LIFESTYLES. THEY LIKE TO LIVE WITH THEIR CATTLE IN THEIR HOME. THEIR MAIN SOURCES OF CASH INCOME ARE SALE OF HIGH-QUALITY GHEE, MILK, WOOL, ANIMALS.  

ARTICLES:

•    DISPLACEMENT, REHABILITATION, AND RESETTLEMENT:

     THE CASE OF MALDHARI FAMILIES OF GIR FOREST

•    PERCEPTIONS OF THE REHABILITATED MALDHARI

•    ANIMALS AND VALUES IN SOCIETY

•    BHARWAD(BOOK: PEOPLE OF GUJARAT)

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