The world’s population is ageing. Virtually every country in the world is experiencing growth in the number and proportion of older persons in their population. According to World Population Prospects, (2015), the general increase in the number of older persons in the world today, could be regarded to be one of the most significant social transformations of the twenty-first century, but not without implications for all sphere of life. Preparing for the economic and social shifts associated with an ageing population is thus essential to ensure an adequate care for the aged, as well as meet up with the challenges of ageing.
According to United Nation’s report on World Ageing Population (2015), knowledge of population ageing is particularly relevant in many ways, for instance; for the goals on poverty eradication, ensuring healthy lives and well-being at all ages, but in a special way for better planning so as to plan for long term care of the older adults. The 2002 Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing M.I.P.A.A. adopted during the Second World Assembly on Ageing, highlighted the need to consider older persons in development planning, emphasizing that older persons should be able to participate in and benefit equitably from the fruits of development to advance their health and well-being, and that societies should provide enabling environments for them to do so. (UN, 2015). As populations become increasingly aged, it is more important than ever that governments, civil societies, Faith Based organizations, and the entire nations to contribute in designing policies, public services and organized long term care older adults. Population ageing is in as a result of positive changes in fertility and mortality that are associated with economic and social development. There is a progress in child mortality reduction, improved access to education and employment opportunities, better reproductive health, etc. Additionally, improvements in public health and medical technologies, along with advancement in living conditions. These contribute to people living longer, because they decline fertility and help in increasing longevity. In other words, there is a reduction in birthrate, while the older persons continue to live. Ageing is taking place all over the world, but at a different pace in the different countries of the world. The pace of population ageing in many developing countries today is substantially faster than occurred in developed countries in the past. (United Nation UN 2013 and 2015).