The various philosophies available in research were outlined and reasons for the support of the Interpretivism chosen for this study were offered. This chapter then covered the various designs available and arguments were put forward why the mixed-method research design was selected for this study. The research methodology section addressed the issue of the population, the reasons why the particular population was targeted, the sampling size and techniques employed to determine the sample size. The reasons for the particular sub population and why the sample sizes were chosen were validated.
The succeeding headings addressed the issues of validity, reliability and bias in respect of the research instruments and the actions the researcher would take to ensure validity, reliability and bias of the instruments were discussed, with reference to the advantages and disadvantages of each of the two instruments. The mitigation strategies which were used to reduce or eliminate these disadvantages were also described. Then the reader was given an overview regarding the analysis of the quantitative and qualitative data to be collected for this study to answer the research question which was to discover the internal perception of leadership on organisational transformation at UNAM and NUST. The last stage of the research process consists of parallel stages: data condensation, data display and the drawing and verifying of conclusions. The penultimate section of this chapter provided an overview of the ethical considerations for this study and the strategies employed to uphold these principles. The next chapter covers the data condensation, the data display, interpretation and analysis of the data, concluding with a summary of the main findings of this study.