“The role of



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As your friend, I would like to give you some advice. I know you are on
job hunting nowadays. Despite of your earlier voicemail, I want to help you
along preparing for your incoming job interview. Your voicemail gave me an
impression of both vocal fry and Valleyspeak in your voice. For instance, I had
to hear your voicemail twice to get all the details. Your pronunciation is the
key element for you to make a good first impression. Not only is it important
to speak the language correctly, but also knowing how to speak it in a
professional way. This interview is important to you, which is why I want you
to break through and become the chosen one for the position. You are a suitable
candidate because of your earlier work experiences, in contrast to those with
less experience. Do not mistake me. I am not her to criticize you, in fact, I
am here to help you get what you want.


First, I want to comment on your vocal fry. It is important that your
voice is not dropping to the lowest natural register. The vocal folds are
supposed to vibrate together, however with a vocal fry, it does not. Creaky
voice can be an outcome. A creaky voice makes inconsistencies. In addition to
normal speaking people, people with vocal fry are in danger to get negative
judgments. For your job prospect, a vocal fry would most likely mean bad news. The
communication can be badly affected. You need to sound comfortable in your own
skin. Sounding insecure can lead to not being taken seriously. I assume that
you want to be heard? Therefore, try to work at your vocal fry.


Next, I think you should focus on how to express yourself. Valleyspeak
is a big part of your language. Valleyspeak is a phenomenon from California in
the USA, but not in America. Usually, this way of speaking frames younger
women. Your young and from California, so I get it. Ordinary statements can
sound a lot more like questions. You use words such as “way, “super”, “like”,
“whatever” and “totally” in your voicemail. Some of the words are mentioned
twice or even more. Sentences spoken this way sound like you are never getting
finished talking and do not want to be interrupted. I do not think that
Valleyspeak is a good way to express yourself, at least not in a job interview
in America.

Finally, I think you could be more accurate with your language. To sound
professional, it is important to speak in a way that shows intelligence. You
have to prove that you are good enough for the position. How to talk to other
people is important to be aware of. It is important to express yourself precise
and in a good way. If you speak in an interview like you spoke to me in your
voicemail, I think you will be judged at the second. Judged because of bad
wording. I am sorry if my feedback sounds harsh, but I need to be straight
forward to make an impression. Focus on what I have told you. Then I think the
job will be all yours!


Task 2A


To combine entertainment and schoolwork


As for my education program, I
got a lot of schoolwork. Not only am I spending a lot of time schooling, but I
also have to bring my schoolwork home with me. I am working hard and
constantly. Still, I have lots of work to do after school. If I want the best
grades and to feel like I know what we are learning about, I have to prepare
and work at home. I am jealous of those who feel like their school-day is over
when the bell rings and it is time to go home. For me, the schoolwork has just
begun. To find time for entertainment can be hard. To combine both schoolwork
and entertainment can be even harder. Often you have to choose. In many cases,
there is not enough time to do both.


My education program requires
a lot of me. I am educating as a healthcare worker. As a healthcare worker, you
can work in many institutions. Institutions like nursinghome, homes for
handicapped, hospitals and so on. It is important to be a good example, for
instance. A healthcare worker should be someone to look up to. People look up
to role models for guidance, which is why it is important for me to present as
a mentor. There are some common characteristics to focus on to be a good role
model. Qualities like follow through, show respect and have great morals. For
me to feel suitable for such responsibility, I have to work hard. My education
program requires that I always stay in focus. In my education program, I learn
basics like mentioned above, but it requires that I play an active role in my
own learning. At the end, I am the only one to choose how to spend my time and
how hard I am willing to work to learn the most


When I come home from school,
I really would like to watch my favorite TV-series. The feeling of sitting down
with your cozy blanket, a hot cup of cacao and your computer in your lap. The
feeling of relaxing at a maximum level while watching what entertains you the
most. I am sure that many people use almost every available hour to do what
they find entertaining. For all people addicted to something, a TV-series,
computer games and what so ever, the feeling of not having enough time is
awful. You want the day and night to last a lot more than 24 hours. It is all
about priorities and combinations. We all love to be entertained, but why?
Well, it is entertaining of course!


In many ways can entertainment
distract me from my schoolwork. Imagine, you have plenty of schoolwork going
on. Deep down, you know that you should spend every hour left working on it. Just
the thought of all the hard work, drains you from energy. You may tell yourself
that it is okay to watch only one episode as motivation, but if you start by
watching one episode, it is easy to get trapped in the series. Suddenly, it is
time to go to bed. Then you realize that the “one” episode you were going to
watch, became all the last episodes of the sixth season. I mean, how tempting
isn´t it to watch what you enjoy the most for a whole day, instead of working
with school. There are some people who are watching TV-series while working on
schoolwork. How is that even possible? Most likely, you will focus way too much
on one of the parts (maybe the TV-series), and then your schoolwork will end up
half-done. This is not the way to learn. An entertainment can be very
distracting, which is why it is important for me to focus. Using your computer
to much can lead to an addiction. Suddenly you feel lonely without your
computer nearby. Spending much time on watching several movies a day can lead
to less time for school.


On the other hand,
entertainment can help me in my schoolwork. I often use my computer to watch
TV-series and movies. A documentary is a way to learn. If I have to write a
task at school about werewolves, a documentary about werewolves would be
perfect as help. Maybe I am going to have a test in biology, and there are a
lot of movies to help me with that part as well. Watching movies can actually
be a resource. There are many people who learn much more by watching videos and
movies, in contrast to reading in a schoolbook. Despite of the video, the task
might be a lot easier. To improve your English, it could be really effective to
getting addicted to a TV-series for example. Many non-native English speakers
is used to watch movies in the original language (English). When I was working
in the hospital, I noticed that people from Holland are probably one of the
best English speakers in the world. I do not think it is because of lots of
studying, but because of the impact of watching movies and so on. Their television
shows are not dubbed. They are in English- with their own language as a
subtitle perhaps. English is an international language, which I find very
important. Free English learning by watching something that interests you.
Would you say no to that? I know I would not.


To balance entertainment and
schoolwork is important. Of course, school is important. Entertainment in life
is also very important. To focus on one of the parts, and not the other one,
would be a mistake. It is important to balance what you have to do and what you
prefer to do. A way to balance is to be strict from the beginning. Make a plan
and be strict. If you are planning your day, hour for hour, it would be easier
to get time to do it all. For example, you watch 2 episodes of your favorite
TV-series, and then continues by working with a presentation the next 3 hours.
If you are clear about what you want and how you want it to be done, it is
possible to find a balance. There is a risk of doing otherwise, but you could
at least try to follow a plan. Maybe you could try to find something
entertaining to watch, which actually is relevant for your schoolwork. Then you
can get entertained while you are making it easier for yourself to do your task
afterwards. How to find a balance is individual, but I think that it is very
possible if the lust is strong enough.




number 7: BBC. (n.d.) Keep your English
up to date. Retrieved March 29, 2016, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/radio/specials/1720_uploaded4/page13.shtml

M. (2011, 12 December). More college
women speak in creaks, thanks to pop stars. Retrieved March 29, 2016, from


Dossier. (n.d). American slang: Valspeak.
Retrieved March 28, 2016, from http://language-dossier.webs.com/americanslangvalspeak.htm

N. (2015, 24 July). Young women, give up
the vocal fry and reclaim your strong female voice. Retrieved April 14,
2016, from http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/jul/24/vocal-fry-strong-female-voice

Markham Heid (2017, 2. December) You asked: What Is Vocal Fry? Retrieved December 30, 2017, from


Text number 4: Stormberg, P.G. (2009, 29 August) Why is entertainment so entertaining?
Retrieved May 14, 2016, from


Text number 6: Ethan. (2013, 25 October). English for life: 10 TV Shows Which You´ll Love Learning English With. Retrieved
March 29, 2016, from

English for Life: 10 TV Shows Which You’ll Love Learning English With

Text number 2: Hill, G. (2009) AS & A LEVEL Psychology Through Diagrams, Oxford
University Press


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