The issue of water shortage is a growing concern across many countries. It has adverse effects ranging from global conflicts to the outbreak of viruses, thus causing an epidemic. Water scarcity has also led to the outbreak of health related problems due to the lack of proper sanitation due to the lack of access to clean water. Many children have contracted diarrheal disease, the second leading cause of death for children younger than five years of age, due to the water shortage situation they face .
The purpose of this report is to raise awareness on the global water shortage towards the general public, so that conversations can begin, in hopes of getting organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO), as well as government bodies to take bigger steps in solving the water shortage issues.
The scope of this report will focus on the effects on health due to water shortage in third world countries, but does not focus on the conflicts between people over competition for water.