TERM PAPER- Functional English
Nusrat Zahan Chowdhury
Department of Public Administration
Abdul Baten Piash
Department of Public Administration
Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences
Bangladesh University of Professionals
Date: 11th April,2018
2. The trends, patterns and determinants of living alone in Asia
3. Living alone
4. Living with parents
Man is social being. This implies that he is a being who lives in a social relationship. This
term is used to distinguish man from a natural being. (according to Kim Jong)
It can be said man cannot live alone. It is so much tough to lead a happy life with aloneness.
As example the embryo and the mother and continues till his last breath. The need of the
embryo maybe more physical than mental, but the mother’s need is the other way round. As
like a biological organism, man is born, grows and dies, with the natural and biological
attributes, according to the biological law. This is well-known fact. To grow, people need
different things to get rid of loneliness.
After remove loneliness, it is necessary to meet the basic needs of the people. To survive,
people have to meet their basic needs. It is necessary to stay in society together to meet the
needs. Man is a social being with independence, creativity, consciousness. To fulfill one’s
basic need, it is necessary to live with someone or live with family. Because living alone is
not possible in any way. It is not possible for a person alone to fulfill his needs alone. So,
people form a family that helps them to meet their needs. But there is a need to be out of the
family to overcome this requirement. People have to go ahead by tackling these advantages.
But according to my opinion, living with family is beneficial for a person. Because people
have to face different adverse environmental situations. This loneliness makes Becky
frightened. Those who does not have any trouble coming forward in danger. As a result, he
has to face problem. The number of people living in family is relatively high. However, the
number of people who are out of the family, who are out of work, is not less than that. There
cannot be a man who lives outside of social relations. It is therefore a peculiar mode of
existence for man, to live and conduct activity forming the social collective in social
relations. So, one person needs to live in society. Living with family or roommates doesn’t
fact but one must to need to live in society. It is seen that there is a happiness in staying with
friends, there are many problems and face to face. On the other hand, there is happiness in
living with the family as well as independence and deprivation. In both case, there are some
advantage and disadvantages of the problem. Under these circumstances, the advantages or
disadvantages of the problem are given below.
1. Economic support:
In the case of living with the family, one does not need to spend money on various problems.
As a result, a person can save extra money for his needs. Many times it is possible to
purchase a necessity for the purchase of everything together at a lower cost. So, not everyone
has to waste money in the family. If a person lives in a family. He can able to deposit his
money which is the main benefit of living with family.
In the case of living with family, family members are benefited. Family members always
come forward with each other. For example, in my family, when I got sick in some of my
family, my parents came forward and made me care me properly. Then I got very cured
sooner. Those people who are outside the family are deprived of these opportunities. It can be
said that despite surviving from the adverse environment, the family was able to achieve the
3.One won’t have to do all household work:
One has to work in different roles to stay in the family. As example doing the laundry,
putting the dishes in the washer, putting them back when they are done, vacuuming,
cleaning, the living areas from time to time and taking out the trash are just some of the daily
chores that need to be done around the house. If any one stay with his family, he doesn’t need
to do all this household work which is the another plus point of living with family.
4. The familiar feeling and respective reputation:
The biggest benefit of living with the family is to get a respectable reputation for the society.
If this is a roommate, then this honorable contact is not possible. Getting acquainted with the
people as a prominent person in the community, I think the family can be. Living with
parents could be stop one’s gap arrangement and peace of mind. Though who lives with their
roommates are not able to feel mind satisfaction and also are not to able to get familiar
5. Able to feel enjoyable holydays:
Usually, a man likes to spend his holydays with pleasure, loved to spend close to him. But
people who lives outside of his family are not able to spend his holydays with his beloved
family. While some people complain about having to spend time with family on the holidays,
the truth is, without family members to celebrate with, it can get a bit lonely. A holiday gets
together can provide a great.
6. Security sense:
Living near with family can provided one’s mind fresh, peaceful and security sense.
Sometimes one’s have to go outside of the family. Those time one member of his family can
take care of your pet, plant, can give food to your fowl fish etc which is the secure benefit of
living with the family. Thus, who are not able to live with his family is not able to get these
Living alone and living with family
Living with your family and living all by yourself is like living on two different planets. It
will affect every detail of your life, right down to the way you talk, the foods you eat, and
how much money you can spend. It will also determine how often your friends visit and how
much freedom you have.
Living with your parents is similar to living in a royal palace; you will enjoy the luxuries
of an elegant house, clean laundry, and a slightly bigger budget, but you will also have to
defer to the king and queen of the realm. You will quickly discover that if your sovereigns
are happy, neither are you.
While living under the rule of the parents, you will have to leave the house in order to
socialize. Your friends will also fear the wrath of your sovereigns, and might visit you, but
only for short periods of time. You will also have to wait until your parents go away on
vacation to have a suitable house party.
Living alone, however, yields much more room for fun. You can dine on pizza and beer
every night if you wish and your friends can visit any time. The furniture will be of your
choosing, like the smelly ceramic vase in the corner with the strange mouthpiece. And you
can clean the house under your own standards of cleanliness, not your mom.
After surveying the landscape of prevalence in living alone, the next four papers
explore how the experience of living alone relates to individual’s health and
psychological well-being. Recent literature has started to question the negative
stereotypes attached to the living alone arrangement often found in the popular press
and has called for further empirical investigation (Jamieson and Simpson 2013;
Klingenberg 2012). As studies in this collection show, those who live alone in Asia tend
to be more socio-economically disadvantaged (migrant workers, the less educated, and
those who cannot afford to own a house), and how such a living arrangement relates to
an individual’s well-being has both theoretical and policy implications.
Previous literature tends to focus on examining the well-being of older adults who
live alone. Few papers investigate the well-being of young men and women living in
OPH. Living alone may have different meanings for and a different impact on young
adults and older adults. Rayno (2015) and Ho (2015) investigate the relationship
between living alone and well-being among young adults in the Japanese and Korean
Raymo (2015) focuses on the situations in Japan. As noted earlier, Japan has the
highest prevalence of living alone among Asian countries, with OPH being the most
common type of family household in the country. Raymo finds that the increase in
living alone among young adults between 1985 and 2010 in Japan can be largely
explained by the decline in the marriage rate during this period. He also finds that those
who live alone are less happy than those living with others, though the size of the effect
is not substantively large. However, he finds no significant difference in self-reported
health status and social participation among those with different living arrangements.
The author could not explain the poorer subjective well-being among those living alone
by their level of social participation. More work is needed to examine the mediating
Ho (2015) finds that unmarried young Koreans who live alone in general have
lower life satisfaction than young adults who are married. Among singles, those who
live alone tend to have higher life satisfaction than singles who live with their family
members. However, Ho underscores the importance of young Korean’s attitudes toward
marriage as a mediator of the relationship between living alone and subjective wellbeing.
Among singles who feel they have to marry or it is better to marry, those who
live alone tend to have lower life satisfaction than those living with their family
members. Ho finds no significant difference in the likelihood of having suicidal
thoughts among young people with different living arrangements. These analyses are
based on cross-sectional data; hence no causal relationship can be established with
The two papers by Raymo and Ho reveal the complex relationships between living
alone arrangement, social network participation, lifestyles, and different dimensions of
well-being. For young adults, living alone is not necessarily associated with loneliness,
social isolation, or lower socioeconomic status. It remains unclear to what extent the
opposite direction of the association between living alone and subjective well-being
found in these two papers can be explained by the different sets of covariates, different
measures of subjective well-being (happiness versus life-satisfaction), or by the
different cultural and structural contexts. Future empirical studies are warranted.
The next two papers examine the well-being of the elderly who live alone,
addressing some aspects generally ignored in previous research such as the geographic
proximity of children. Teerawichitchainan, Knodel, and Pothisiri (2015) find that many
older adults who live alone in Myanmar, Vietnam, and Thailand are actually living
close to their child or children. Therefore, living alone is not necessarily associated with
financial distress, loneliness, lack of support, less social participation, or poorer wellbeing;
though in general solo dwellers report more psychological distress than those.
The family may be defined as a unit within a society where people who are related to one
another, either through birth or marriage, live together. The word “family” itself can have
many meanings and uses. For instance, it may be used to describe any group of persons,
animals, plants, or items that are related to each other in some way. This is a very simple
definition, but the fact is that “family”, either in its popular or academic use, is possibly one
of the most ambiguous words in the English dictionary.
The functions of the family as seen from the theoretical perspective of functionalism includes
such things as: the legitimizing of sexual behavior, the care and rearing of children, the roles
of husband and wife, and the provision of a safe, secure environment for the emotional needs
of the family members. The belief that the family provides all or any of the above for its
members, especially for children, can be as true as it is false. With this in mind it is easy to
see why the functionalist approach has lost its popularity with sociologists in recent times.
Family life for some people is anything but safe and secure, and the reality for a lot of men,
women and children, is that the family can be a source of misery and pain. This view is
supported by the continuous news reports and court cases relating to violence of a sexual,
physical or emotional nature directed towards a family member by other family members. An
additional failing of the functionalist approach is its failing to take on board the effects of
whatever economic situation people find themselves in. As economic systems can vary
greatly from society to society, they have an enormous effect on family life.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Staying With parents:
1) You will save money.
One of the biggest advantages of living with your parents is that you can save a lot of money. From rent, utility bills, renovations, shared grocery bills and a lot more.
If you have just graduated and can’t find a job, if you are out of a job and struggling to pay
your debts, if you are facing financial problems – living with your parents could be you
answer to saving money on everyday expenses. Think of it as a stopgap arrangement until
you get back on your feet.
2) You won’t have to do all the housework.
Doing the laundry, putting the dishes in the washer, putting them back when they are done,
vacuuming, cleaning the living areas from time to time and taking out the trash are just some
of the daily chores that need to be done around the house.
If you are still living with your parents, you may find yourself exempt from some of these
mundane tasks as your mom or dad may be doing them to keep themselves busy. If you are
lucky, your mom may even do your laundry while she is at it.
3) You will have someone to cook you a nice meal when you can’t.
As a working professional or a busy student, you may not always have the time to come
home and fix yourself a homemade meal. If you were living on your own, you would
probably have grabbed a takeaway or a quick bite the local joint.
Along with living with your parents comes the added benefit of enjoying warm home cooked
meals even if you don’t get the time to cook. Your mom may have something ready on the
table by the time you come home from work.
4) Your parents can help with your little kids.
Single moms and dads going through a rough patch in life may find it financially, mentally,
and physically more comfortable to live with their parents until their troubles are sorted out.
Only a single mom will know what it takes to work and manage a child. Only a single dad
will how it feel to play the dotting dad and the caring mommy at the same time. If you find
yourself in a similar situation and are burdened with financial troubles, you could think about
the option of living with your parents, at least for a while.
From picking up your little kids from school to giving them food when they want, your
parents could be the guardian angels that swoop in to help you scrape through when your life
hits rock bottom.
5) The familiar feeling of being at home.
Besides being cheaper and more convenient, another advantage of living with your parents is
that there is a big sense of familiarity. The house is probably the one you grew up in, and you
may find sharing your living space with familiar faces more comforting than with random
Dealing with an annoying roommate or housemate is a pain and if you feel like taking time
off from renting and sharing, living with your parents could be your stop gap arrangement
and peace of mind.
1) You don’t have privacy or your space.
Living with your parents will strip you of your space and privacy and that can be a
psychological burden if you have been used to living alone for a long time.
No longer will you have the freedom to walk straight out of bed and head to the kitchen in
your underwear nor will you be able to go naked from one room to another. While these were
just two quirky and humorous examples, you should remember that you can say goodbye to
your privacy and the concept of having your own space.
2) You can’t call friends over or have house parties.
Have you always been the guy/girl at whose place friends crash every now and then? That
could change when you move in with your parents. A big disadvantage of living with your
parents especially from the perspective of someone in their 20s or 30s, is that you can’t call
your friends over.
You can also forget about hosting parties, whether it is a cozy get-together of your college
buddies or some of your office colleagues coming over for a round of drinks after work.
3) Unwelcome advice about your life.
Whether you move in with your mum, dad or both, you are likely to receive advice on your
life even if you don’t ask for it. From the stuff that you eat, the time that you sleep or the
number of hours you play video games for, be prepared to get unsolicited advice for just