Using finite resources
A non-renewable reserve (also called a limited resource) is a source that does not return to itself at a necessary rate for maintainable economic extraction in expressive human time-frames. A specimen is carbon-based, organically-derived fuel. The original organic material, with the aid of heat and pressure, becomes a fuel such as oil or gas. Ground mineral deposits and metal ores, fossil fuels (coal, petroleum, natural gas) and water in certain aquifers are all considered non-renewable resources, though individual elements are almost always conserved. A non-renewable resource is one that either does not regenerate or does not regenerate quickly enough to serve some human purpose in a sustainable way.
The most common illustrations of non-renewable resources are fossil fuels, such as coal, oil and natural gas. Though these resources form naturally within the earth, they take billions of years to do so. Other non-renewable resources contain metals, minerals, and stone. Like any other natural fossil fuel, petroleum is a limited resource. High demands for energy by the modern society have stressed the conventional sources of oil reserves. The decrease in supply is indicated by the ever-increasing cost of petroleum on the market these days. Now, power plants are having a hard time extracting petroleum as reserves are nearly drought. “In fact, studies reveal that almost half of oil reserves (which is about 2 trillion barrels) have been utilized, where only one trillion barrels left”. (Roberto Azevedo director general of World Trade Organization). There might be some other sources of petroleum on earth, but experts say that these cannot produce enough oil to sustain all our needs. Water is a precious, finite resource (much like propane or natural gas). “There is a limit to how many people it can provide for, and using too much of it could prove detrimental in the future.” (EarthEcho Water Challenge Ambassador). When people leave the sink running or don’t fix leaky pipes, they are wasting this resource. When people take 30-minute showers or take baths daily, they are wasting this resource. We will eventually come to the end of the freshwater lens. And what then? Although the lens will eventually recharge, it will take years, and water may never be as abundant as it once was. We will have to turn to surface water for drinking. Nevertheless presently, numerous of our sources of water are contaminated (the Ala Wai canal being a prime example). We need to hygienic up these zones, save our valuable water, and used for the upcoming. Approximations from worldwide administrations propose that if the world’s request for energy from fossil fuels endures at the current rate that oil and gas reserves may run out within some of our generations. Wood is a finite resource as if we don’t plant the trees ultimately, we will run out of wood. In Pakistan Forest part, percent of total land part: For that pointer, FAO provides data for Pakistan from 1990 to 2015. The average rate for Pakistan throughout that dated was 2.6 percent with a minimum of 1.9 percent in 2015 and a maximum of 3.3 percent in 1990.” (Food and Agriculture Organization).
Water is the most important presently faced in our country as the growing populations and less fresh water available now the Pakistan faced the water crisis granting to the world resource organization, the country is amongst the top five that face extremely high-water lack and little admittance to safe drinking water and hygiene. The United Nations Organization has categorized Pakistan between those insufficient unsuccessful countries where water scarcity weakens and jeopardises its existence in the next few eras. In Pakistan, quarter to third of Pakistan’s population lacks access to safe drinking water. Both the urban and rural zones suffer from water shortage, water contamination and water-borne diseases. The serious disaster of water has continued unheard and even the political parties do not inopportuneness to make this question in their philosophies. When the water crisis is spoke of, the management and creation of dams get debated. beyond the erection of new dams, the already created dams are mishandled. The extra-large dams of Pakistan at Tarbell and Mangle are 40 years old and their storage volume is dropping because of silting and sedimentation. They store only 30 days of typical water mandate likened to 220 days for India. There are frequent explanations that have given increase to water scarcity like absence of appropriate administration of current dams, the primitive system of canals and barrages, mishandling of water resources and strategy faults.According to the Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources, Pakistan may run dry if the prevalent situation continues. Water is urgently needed for agriculture in rural areas. Pakistan’s water crisis is also manifestly superficial in its urban areas. The administrative flaws, Pakistan’s all-time opponent is all adding salt to distresses. India has desecrated Indus Water Treaty many times by building dams on western rivers. Its missions such as Bughlier and Kishenganga Dam on Chenab and Jhelum rivers may eat up considerable portion of Pakistan’s share of water. In this regard, Pakistan has lost its case in international court few days ago. Water crisis has badly exaggerated the agriculture sector of Pakistan. The agriculture sector, rendering to latest Economic Survey of Pakistan, contributes 21 percent to total GDP of Pakistan. Furthermore, agriculture segment provides 47 percent employment to an entire populace of Pakistan. Similarly, the majority of Pakistan’s export goods rely on agriculture i.e. 70 percent of the export goods are agriculture products. This means that agriculture is the backbone of country’s economy and agriculture sector is reliant on on water. Thus, the water shortage results in severe economic distress to country’s economy. Archaeologically, the agriculture sector has played a very colossal role in making country’s economy stabilized. This became possible due to uninterrupted water availability in the country. According to a research study on water resources of Pakistan, approximately water having economic values of $70 billion is being thrown into the sea every year due to non-construction of water reservoirs. A water-starved country, which has the foreign reserve of only $20 billion, can’t afford to throw water of mammoth economic value. The politicians and analysts give credit to the policies of the then government. Few economists and policy makers cite this in another way. Firstly, the Indus Water Treaty was materialized in 1967 between arch-rivals India and Pakistan that facilitated water availability. Secondly, tube wells were initiated to overcome water deficit. Pakistan is not only facing water scarcity but the safe drinking water is also a dream in many urban areas. According to the recent report of UNICEF, 53,000 Pakistani children die of many lethal diseases such as diarrhea after drinking contaminated water each year. The worsening water crisis needs to be resolved for economic stability and development. Far deeper changes are required to mitigate the water deficiency.
The water crisis in Pakistan has been termed as the more significant threat to the country than terrorism, and sadly the former had not been able to make the headlines in either national or international media. The reports by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR) have warned that the country may run out of water in 2025 and with more than 200 million people depending upon the depleting water reserves, it is high time that the people wake up to find the sustainable solutions for this issue. Many researchers have predicted that Pakistan is on its way to becoming the most water-stressed country in the region by 2040.This is unfortunately not the first time that the development and research organizations have alerted Pakistani authorities about the impending crisis, but we are still standing on the rainbow mountain, not valuing water at all as a commodity. According to experts the growing population and urbanizations are the leading causes of the water crisis in Pakistan. Several other factors contributing to the water problem include; Reduced rainfall, Poor water management, Poor handling of industrial wastewater, Climate change, Lack of political will to address the governing issues, Change in food consumption pattern and lack of proper water storage facilities, Ignorance at the household level and Wastage of drinking water in non-productive means. In local perspective in my area there is Lack of natural gas. In our home natural gad know as sui-gas is a major source of cooking and bathing in winter. As the winter starts gas does not come for long hours so I cannot eat home cooked food and use warm water as a bath. In our area about all houses had the same problem and when we complained about this issue no action is made. Water is another major problem as in summers water is a major source of bath and doing other stuff but there is no water available in my areas. Some we had to use electric water pump to store the water so it can be used.
In national perspective in KARACHI More than 40% of the parts in Karachi are without water for the past 15 days. A rare resource in most towns, the unbalanced circulation of water by the Karachi Water and Sewerage Board (KWSB) officials has intensified the crisis in the city as citizens are bound to buy water at excessive rates. Citizens have appealed to Local Government Minister Saeed Ghani to take notice of the disaster while many who are fed up have resorted to protests against the water shortage in various districts. According to sources in the KWSB, officers of the bulk supply section are to blame for the biased water distribution in various parts of the city, together with Gulshan-e-Iqbal, Korangi, Gulistan-e-Jauhar, Buffer Zone, Orangi Town, Malir, Shah Faisal Colony, Surjani Town, North Karachi, Baldia Town and Keamari. The KWSB sources claimed that the bulk supply lines of the water board have been diverted to supply water to illegal hydrants established in different areas, such as Gulshan-e-Iqbal, Mauripur, Hub River Road and Ittehad Town. The tanker mafia is profiteering from the massive KWSB theft and selling the water at exorbitant rates. The sources shared that around four to five million gallons of water is being stolen on a daily basis. “The unfair water distribution of the water board has devastated the city’s water supply system. The citizens are being deprived of a basic facility,” one KWSB official said, adding that areas which previously had regular supply of water have also been affected by the current crisis, compelling the residents to pay large sums of money for tanker water. The citizens have appealed to Ghani to take notice of the issue and take action against the officers involved in water theft.
In global perspective America is a more developed country than Pakistan as there is more effective management of water ensuring minimum wastage of water whereas Pakistan had ignored this problem. Russia on other hand had working on their management so improve it than before and ensuring more good quality of water whereas water provided in Pakistan lack of hygienic facilities and people faces serious problem like diarrhea and some other mismanagement like Lahore Waste Management Company washes the Lahore city roads with drinkable water. 30,500 litters of drinking water get wasted every day. India is everyday building new plans for safeguarding amount of its water and overcome crisis.
In my opinion Pakistan can overwhelmed this delinquent as it presents effective measure of water supply and saving. Now some steps are also engaged like Diamer Bhasha Dam that was created by the federal court of Pakistan has resumed the water argument in the country. If Pakistan caught the corrupted water mafia this problematic can be resolved more effortlessly.
—The author is staff associate at Daily Times, Lahore. He is Former scholar of Quaid-i-Azam Campus, Islamabad.
—Earth Echo Water Challenge Ambassador