sociocultural (gender) and purely biological (sex) characteristics of a person 2, 7.
Gender should be viewed as a sociocultural category, which is regularly recreated in structures of linguistic awareness of the individual, due to the peculiarities of a particular culture and sociocultural norms, meaning that is a set of stereotypes and patterns of behavior, speech, which is proposed to society by representatives of both sexes. A gender stereotype is a separate type of stereotype, which reflects culturally and socially conditioned thoughts and presuppositions about indicators, attributes and norms of behavior of representatives of both sexes in the language. Each society in a certain period of its historical development forms stereotyped standards of femininity and masculinity, in other words, stereotypes of “typical woman” and “typical man”, that is, features, norms, roles, typical or desirable for those whom society singles out as men or women.
English-speaking society turned out to be controlled by men who occupy the main positions in public life, business, politics. All these realities were represented by the term male-dominated society 3. A woman, according to gender stereotypes, is weak, passive, depends on the man, serves as a keeper of the hearth. Such inequality in gender linguistics has been called “gender asymmetry”, which became the core of feminist linguistics research.
Gender asymmetry in the language is an uneven representation in the language of different sexes. The basis of this statement was formed by one of the main postulates of feminist linguistics: language illustrates the picture of the world from a male point of view, so it is not only anthropocentric (focused on human), but also androcentric (focused on a man).