Research problem: in the Saudi Society, women are challenged with issues stemming from informal and official barriers concerning decision making in absence of a male relative approval. This problem has persisted for decades and it is perceived as an abuse of Saudi women’s natural rights.
Research aim: is to examine the effects of the guardianship law on women’s rights, and to what level religious establishments effect on Saudi women’s rights.
Research object: The Male Guardianship System in Saudi Arabia
1. To Present Universalism and Cultural Relativism as the suitable theoretical framework for the research;
2. To Study the historical background of women rights under Islamic law;
3. To analyze the social and economic effects of Saudi Arabia laws on women.
Research subject: Saudi Arabian Women.
Hypothesis: if Saudi Arabia women were to be given the freedom to make decisions without the consent of a male guardian, Saudi women will be able to make decision that will shape their lives into whoever they decide to reach their capacities, which could in turn impact the economy of the nation.
Research method: This paper relies on qualitative research methods for instance, the use of secondary source of data collection is implemented, the research examines existing literary works to study the focal notions of universalism and cultural relativism. In other to arrive at a novel research, content analysis of Saudi Arabia official documents, relevant journals, newspapers, official archives, past research, government publications, books, internet as well as reports on the guardianship system in Saudi Arabia, will be used in this research, to seek knowledge into the guardianship law as well as women’s right under Islamic laws, we will also examine significance into materials that are gathered for achieving dependable conclusion.