One lesson to be learnt from the refugee crises that is common since the First World War till today is that wars are inevitable. Conflicts among nations have grown to a new high this century. Wars, famines, persecution and other circumstances have forced millions of people to be displaced over the last century.
Looking at how the refugee crises was dealt with in the past century, we can see that a better approach needs to be adopted. At first, after World War 1, the League of Nations was established. This institution failed to provide adequate aid to all those 8 million refugees that were displaced. Then came the World War 2, after which the United Nations was established. The UN did a fair job in alleviating the problem of the refugees and it still continues to work today. However, the contribution of the UN and other similar institutions is not enough. These institutions lack funds and enforcement powers necessary for them to function at their best level.
Even though integration of global communities has occurred over the past few decades, the governments of these countries need to work more in order to unite further. A better integration of the governments and communities of the world will ensure that the refugee crisis does not deteriorate further.
The global community cannot do much to prevent wars and conflicts from occurring. All we can do is provide better aid and be welcoming to those suffering during this crisis.
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FUTURE
Taking into consideration the authors’ opinions and interpretations from this study, the following recommendations are proposed: –
1. Better treatment of refugees – All the refugees today are given humanitarian aid, which seems like a good option considering the current situation. However, this aid does not do enough to help the refugees. They are only provided with the basic necessities like shelter, food, sanitation, etc. However, not much is done for their development. Refugees must be given developmental aid apart from the basic humanitarian aid. These refugees are treated as passive recipients of aid without the ability to contribute productively to the economy of the host country (Helen Clark, 2016). This must be stopped. With proper education and training, these refugees will definitely be able to contribute to the growth of the host country’s economy. For this purpose, NGOs involved in educating the under-privileged can take initiatives to educate the refugees as well.
2. Blend funds – This requires creation of a model which blends public, private and charitable contributions. Private-sector standards should be followed while allocating these funds which will ensure effective and efficient mobilisation of funds. This model has already been put to use – a World Economic Forum survey found that every $1 invested in such initiatives attracted as much as $20 of private investments (Deva, 2017)
3. Make international organisations more powerful – International organisations working to find a solution to the refugee crises such as UNHCR, IOM, etc need to be given more power and funds to function. These organisations lack the funds to carry out their intended operations in a proper manner. Apart from this, they also lack human capital on the ground to address the plight of the refugees and provide them with necessary help. Another problem faced by these agencies is that they are not well integrated around the world. They heavily depend on government integration which may not always be possible, especially among conflict-torn countries.
4. Develop areas of permanent residence – Conflicts all around the world do not seem to end. Many of the refugees fleeing their home countries do not wish to go back, given the fear of war and persecution. They wish to seek asylum in and become permanent residents of safer countries. A majority of those displaced spend decades and lifetimes in exile (Helen Clark, 2016). The only solution to this is to develop dedicated areas around the world that can house these refugees permanently. This has already been initiated by a Naguib Sarawis, an Egyptian billionaire and the owner of two Greek islands who plans to develop them, by employing the refugees themselves, in order to house them (Slaughter, 2015). If Saudi Arabia can build a $500 billion city to house robots, the least the countries around the world can do is develop areas to house the refugees in distress.
It is now time for us all to integrate our actions and work in unity to aid the anguishing refugees.