Nelson Mandela uses repetition to continually reinforce one idea on his listeners. Mandela speaks repeatedly about a unified South Africa by referring to “all of us” or “each one of us”. In the first line of his speech he says “Today, all of us … confer to glory and hope to newborn liberty.” He refers to this again when he says ” … we shall build the society in which all South Africans, both black and white, will be able to walk tall, without and fear in their hearts… a rainbow nation at peace with itself.” This meaning that they are all doing this together so that everyone can be at peace within their nation. By repeating the fact that they are all unified and striving for peace serves to state to the audience that he, as President, is there for all of South Africa, not just a section. He also uses repetition when he says “Let there be justice for all. Let there be peace for all. Let there be work, bread, water and salt for all.” This use of repetition enforces a sense that things will now start to get better for everyone in South Africa.
Mandela also uses analogies to connect to his listeners. He speaks about how all the people of South Africa are connected to the land on which they live. “Each one of us is as intimately attached to the soil of this beautiful country as are the famous jacaranda trees of Pretoria…” Here he uses the analogy and relates it toward the people of South Africa.