Zach Bilkes


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            Many people in or world fight
diseases. Multiple Sclerosis is one of the many diseases people face. It’s very
important to know the symptoms and causes, which can help us better understand
the treatments and the ways to fight this disease. With this disease, it is
important to remember to keep a healthy lifestyle.

            Multiple Sclerosis is a potentially
disabling disease that attacks a person’s back and spinal cord. Eventually this
causes the nerves to break down or become permanently damaged. The symptoms and
treatments depend on the severity of the disease at the stage that the patient
is at. (Multiple Sclerosis).

            There are quite a few different
symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis. The symptoms include, numbness or weakness on
one side, partial or complete loss of vision, slurred speech, tremors or lack
of coordination, and dizziness. Other symptoms are tingling, bladder problems,
prolonged double vision, and fatigue. These are just some of the many symptoms of
Multiple Sclerosis (Multiple Sclerosis).

            It is important to know how Multiple
Sclerosis is diagnosed to find out if someone has that disease. There are
multiple things that can be done. First, a patient can take blood tests, which
help rule out other diseases that are similar to Multiple Sclerosis. Also, an
MRI can help pinpoint exactly where Multiple Sclerosis is affecting the body. A
lumbar puncture, which is where they put a needle in a person’s back to get a
sample of fluid. can show anything unusual which is happening in that part of
the body. Finally, they can take Evoked Potential Tests (Multiple

            There are some causes and risks that
people should be aware of when learning about Multiple Sclerosis. The risk of Multiple
Sclerosis can be passed on through family genes. This means a person has a
higher chance of getting it if a grandparent, parent, or sibling has it. Smokers
will have a higher chance of getting this disease than non-smokers do. This
disease is also more common in the areas of the world with more temperate
climates. Some researchers also believe that like in a lot of diseases, a
Vitamin D Deficiency can also lead to Multiple Sclerosis (Multiple

            Although many can get Multiple
Sclerosis, there are a number of factors that can increase a person’s
likelihood of getting this disease. People who are of European descent also
have a higher chance of getting this disease. Women are more likely than men to
get this disease. Also, the disease is more common in white people than in
African Americans or people of Asian descent (Multiple Sclerosis).

            Even though there is no real cure
for Multiple Sclerosis, there are many treatments to help with the symptoms.
These treatments mainly focus on slowly down the disease, and prolonging the
patient’s life. Other alternate treatments include physical therapy to make daily
tasks easier. Another alternate treatment is muscle relaxants. This helps with
muscle fitness. The last one is just other medications to take for the symptoms
such as depression and pain (Multiple Sclerosis).

            The daily life of a Multiple
Sclerosis is filled with lots of things. Some of them include lots of symptoms
and pain. Other things in their life is lots of exercise and following a
healthy lifestyle (Lee).

            Following a healthy lifestyle is
important for any Multiple Sclerosis patient. This involves lots of things.
First, lots of rest is required to relieve the fatigue of Multiple Sclerosis.
Secondly, exercise is important to build up muscle and improve coordination.
Thirdly, eating a balanced diet is important to any healthy lifestyle. And
also, other things can be done to relieve the stress of Multiple Sclerosis (Multiple

            Besides knowing what Multiple
Sclerosis is, it is also important to know more about its history. Multiple
Sclerosis was first known as a disease in 1868. It was discovered by a French
neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot. Although he didn’t know what caused it, Charot
found out that it was more common in women than men. He also had a few
suggestions about treatments. Probably the first recorded Multiple Sclerosis
patient was The Virgin Lidwina. Some of her symptoms included blindness, sever
pain, and loss of sensation (Iezzoni I).

            Many people have Multiple Sclerosis,
but here are just a few well-known people. The first person is Ann Romney. She
is the wife of former presidential candidate Mitt Romney, and was diagnosed when
she was forty-nine years old. Neil Cavuto is another well-known person with
Multiple Sclerosis. He is a Fox News anchor. He has previously fought cancer as
well as Multiple Sclerosis (Lee).

            As with many diseases, Multiple
Sclerosis becomes very severe in its final stage. At this point it is unstoppable.
This can include many symptoms such as muscle pain, spasms, tremors, sensory
changes, bladder incontinence, upper and lower bodily weakness, and trouble
swallowing and chewing. Problems with memory can also occur in these final
stages (Smith).

            Emotional problems can also occur
during these stages. Depression is common, as well as mood swings and
uncontrolled anger. This can also lead to social isolation, which is where a
person has cut off either completely or nearly completely cut off contact or
communication with society and the outside world (Smith).

            If a family member or relative has Multiple
Sclerosis, it is important to know you can help then at home. Hiring a personal
nurse to come and help someone is imperative especially at the later stages of
Multiple Sclerosis. They will know exactly what to do the help relieve that
person. Also, Social Services can help with the security of this person at home.
Other ways to help a patient can just be by helping them around the house. Some
of these things can be doing their laundry, making meal, and making
recreational activities for them to do. Other ways to help are: child care, and
other rehabilitation services (Smith).

            It is very important to know the
course of this disease as well as all the other parts about it. This is called
a disease relapsing course. A disease relapsing course is when new symptoms
come over short periods of days or weeks. This can be followed by times were
the disease quiets down for a bit. Also, sometimes, when a patient’s body
temperature rises slightly, it can temporarily increase symptoms of the
patient. About 60 or 70 percent of patients with relapse-remitting Multiple Sclerosis
develop a steady progression of symptoms. Also, some people with Multiple Sclerosis
experience slow and steady progression of symptoms (Multiple

            Multiple Sclerosis is a chronic
disease with no cure. But with further study, a cure may come. This is good
news for the many that suffer. Once diagnosed, people may suffer it affects for
the rest of their life, but hopefully we can further prevent that from
happening in the future.


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