You are in the bronze age, walking around the local market and a lightning bolt strikes down nearby Everyone freaks out, is it Zeus or Jupiter? All depends on what you believe in. Both ideas of Greek and Roman Mythology have been around for a while now. What some might not know is that the Romans took the idea of Greek mythology and decided to take it and try to make it their own. They had mainly similarities with a few differences along the way.
Where it all begins is with the religion and culture of these two. The Greeks worshipped many gods at scared sights like temples or pantheons. At pantheons some animal sacrifices happened, they would take the animals sometimes cooking them for a food offering. These gods were seen as patrons in everyday life or for cities for example Aphrodite for the city of Corintin, Ares for wars, Helios for city of Rhodes and Hera for weddings and so on. The Greeks had a polytheistic religion meaning they believed or worshipped in one or more gods. A couple years later the Romans decided to adopt the Greeks idea of mythology and religion, they kept the idea of the gods the same but change most of if not all of their names. The romans kept things simple and still used their old practices for a while till the Greeks idea started to influence them otherwise.
Between the Greeks and romans, they had 12 main gods, all 12 had the same roles but most of them if not all had different names. Those gods consisted of Greek goddess Hera and Roman goddess Juno both share the role of Chief goddess and goddess or marriage, Greek goddess Aphrodite and Roman goddess Venus both the goddess of beauty , the goddesses of hunting are Greek goddess Artemis and Roman goddess Diana , Greek goddess Athena and Roman goddess Minerva share the role playing the goddess if wisdom, Greek goddess Demeter and Roman goddess Ceres are the goddesses of the harvest or nature, The goddess of Greece Hestia and the goddess of Rome Vesta both are the goddess of hearth , The chief gods also gods of sky and air are the Greek god Zeus and Roman god Jupiter, God Apollon of Greece and god Apollo of Rome are the gods of poetry , music and sun , The gods of war were Greek god Ares and Roman god Mars , The Greek god Hephaistos and Roman god Vulcan were the gods of blacksmiths, Hermes of Greece and Mercury of Rome were the messengers of the gods , and lastly Greek god Poseidon and Roman god Neptune share the role of gods of the sea, Although there was more gods then this these were the 12 main believed in and worshipped. The 12 gods were these people’s whole world and belief system. They might all have different names but they all meant the same to everyone.
During ancient times, different societies have worshiped gods, believing in their power and being afraid of their fury. People have prayed and made sacrifices in order to achieve the gods’ mercy and generosity. They believed that, if the gods are in good mood, they will provide people with good weather conditions for growing crops. Moreover, people needed explanations for different natural phenomena, such as rain, drought, lightning, thunder and earthquake. So, ancient people believed that these natural phenomena are caused by the gods. A good example of such societies could be ancient Greeks and Romans. Ancient Greeks and Romans existed in the middle ages. The people of ancient Greece were polite and creative which made their perception of the god more cultured and polite, these gods wore light colored clothes and were all good looking. The people of ancient Rome were more focused on actions rather than words, their gods were rugged and tough, they wore armor and were military based they weren’t seen as good looking the people didn’t really care about that but they cared about how they were aggressive military icons.
Most people think that the idea of Roman mythology and Greek Mythology are different