Mesopotamia and Egypt were two of the most important civilizations in the world. They both developed in the Middle East and North Africa. Mesopotamia and Egypt were influenced by each other. The monarchy was affected by the structures of social life, architecture, and culture. Mesopotamia was more practical with their thinking and did not believe in preparation for the afterlife. The environment in Mesopotamia compared to the Nile valley in Egypt was far more difficult to manage. The social differences were vast, Egypt was a more stabilized civilization compared to Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia and Egypt emphasized its lifestyle through architecture, culture, and social life.
Mesopotamia and Egypt had unique forms of architecture. Mesopotamia had different types of houses. Palaces housed royalty and their servants. Temples and Ziggurats played a major part in Mesopotamian architecture. The most common building materials were clay and mud. Mud and clay bricks were formed, shaped, and dried so it could be used. Ancient Egyptians built their pyramids, palaces, temples, etc. out of stone. These building projects took a high degree of skill and the organization of a workforce. The art tells stories of pharaohs, gods, common people, and the natural world. They used hardened sand, obtained by trade, or even takeover.
The governments of both civilizations were monarchies. A king in Mesopotamia and a pharaoh in Egypt. These governments gave the structure to social statuses, which started at the bottom with slaves and peasants, to the merchants and artisans, then the wealthy aristocrats, with the priest under the king/pharaoh. The polytheistic faith also ran through these civilizations. The Egyptians and Mesopotamians believed in gods and goddesses who ruled them. These similarities were later laid down ideas for Egypt to later build off on. Due to geographical differences, Mesopotamia was divided into separate city-states, and Egypt was ruled under a centralized government.
Egypt and Mesopotamia had unique cultures. Egyptians wrote in hieroglyphics and Mesopotamians wrote in cuneiform. Through religion, Egyptians thought that the afterlife brings a positive experience. They believed that the gods were able to have relationships with humans as well. Mesopotamians did not believe in such. Their way of the afterlife was bare. They share certain views of their culture, however, these two civilizations are separate from each other


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