Introduction :
Nowadays, processed food has become more popular in our daily life. In this assignment, I would like to discuss on the effect of processed food. The main focus of this assignment is on a type of bakery product which is the brioche dough. Brioche is an enriched French bread, where the dough contains a high portion of fats in it. The additional ingredient added into the dough to enrich are with lots of butters and also eggs yolk. It gives the bread a very fine, soft crumb and almost flaky texture, in addition to turning the crust a dark golden color after baking. Brioche are often test sweet but it usually does not contain much sugar in it. The sweet text are often because of its rich texture and buttery flavors. (Baking bites & trade, 2017) The dough can be processed into brioche products most commonly through the baking processed. Normally, all of the baked food are done by using the electric oven. All types of the oven are technically a convection oven. A convection oven works by using a fan to circulate air and keep the temperature more steady. It helps to bake the food faster by using the fan to circulate the heat more quickly and evenly. However, not all the bake foods are suitable by using the convection oven. An oven with a heat transfer of convection may easily dry out the oven much quicker, this can be said the water content in dough may absorb up by the heat which cause the bread become dry and hard. For some of the bake foods, it is better to bake without the convection on. (Durand, F, 2010)

Main Body :
Nowadays, there are a lot of processed food that sell in the market. The nutritional value of the processed food has been highly concern and become a popular topic by the society. The product of brioche dough is one of the processed foods where the nutritional value of the product is also one of the concern for the consumer. Therefore, what would be the reason that caused the processed food unhealthy?
Based on the research that I had done, there are several reason that caused almost all the processed food to be unhealthy. The reasons are most of the processed food normally contains high level in sugar or high fructose corn syrup. This may cause several health problems to particular type of person who consume processed food everyday such as the most common disease, diabetes. Second, the high amount of sugar in processed food can caused overconsumption of that particular food. The reason that said so is due to the high amount of sugar in food caused addiction to someone, therefore overconsumption of processed food caused unhealthy to a person.
Furthermore, most of the manufacturers would like to save their cost to produce the product, therefore they choose to use the cheaper ingredients such as low quality of vegetable oils and trans fat or other ingredients to process their product. The low quality of vegetable oils may contains lot of saturated fat which is unhealthy to our body. Besides that, processed food also contain a large amount of artificial ingredient inside the food such as artificial preservative and food coloring which make the food unhealthy. (Gunnars, K, BSc 2017) In this case, for brioche products, high amount of butter is used during preparation where the butter is added into the dough to provide the flavors.
Although processed food are harmful to our health sometimes, but processed food also give benefits to us in a certain ways. Foods that undergo processing and preservation can increase its shelf life than the raw material. Not only that, processed foods can also maintain its sensory and nutritional quality during storage than the fresh foods. Processed foods are require more energy to be produce but in another way it also requires less energy to store than the fresh foods. (Robert L. & Alicia & Andrew D., 2016)
Processed food are said to be unhealthy to our body, therefore there are several ways that may help to solve the problems. First, we should cut down the amount of sugars level used in a food product during processing. Second, cut down the use of oils or fats to processed food such as brioche products, instead we can use polyunsaturated fats as it can helps to reduce the bad cholesterol in our body and reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke. In another way, we should also take action to put ourselves away from consuming those processed food too. For example, we should practice by taking a small steps towards a less processed diet. Slowly start from eating a healthy lifestyle to avoid processed foods in our life.
A research had been done to show the benefits of the innovative brioche products. The research is done on a group of people from the malnourished nursing home residents by consuming the innovative brioche which enriched in protein and energy where it can improves the nutritional status compared to oral nutritional supplement (ONS) and usual breakfast for 12 weeks. From the researched, there is no any adverse event which related to consuming the brioche products or the ONS. The results was the participants of brioche group have a higher total energy intakes throughout the study and there is 72% of the participants in the brioche group had reached the minimum level of protein needs in our body compared to the other group of study. The conclusion was made where the protein and energy enriched brioche had effectively increased the energy and protein intakes and improved the nutritional status of elderly people living in the nursing home. (Van Wymelbeke V, 2016)
There are several process of making brioche dough into food product. The most common method is through baking. The ingredients for making brioche dough include the unsalted butter, dry yeast, milk, water, sugar, eggs, salt and all-purpose flour. At first, allow the butter to be soften. Second, mix the 10ml dry yeast together with 40ml of water and 40ml of milk into the bowl of stand mixer. Leave the mixer for about 5 minutes to let the yeast to become bubbly. Next, add the 350g all-purpose flour and a 5ml of salt to the yeast mixture, then allow the stand mixer to stir the flour into the yeast mixture on a low speed. After that, add 2 eggs and 20ml of sugar into the flour mixture and mix it gently so that it can combine. Turn on the mixer to the medium-low and mix until the dough form smooth ball. Add the butter into the dough and beat it until it combine thoroughly until it is smooth. Lastly, transfer the dough to a clean bowl and let it rise for around 30 minutes at room temperature. Place the dough into the refrigerator and leave it overnight. Remove the dough from refrigerator the next day and weigh it into 4. Rolls the dough into balls and place it into the greased loaf pan and cover with a piece of buttered clingfilm. At the same time, preheat the oven to 210°C. When the dough rise to it double size, brush it with an egg wash. Bake the loaf for 30 minutes or until it turns deep golden brown. At last, allow the brioche to cool in pan for 5 minutes and remove it to the rack to cool completely. (Spiro, J, 2018)
The effect of processing on the brioche food product may lead to the loss of nutrient during process. Various temperature during baking may affect the activity of yeast and thus affect the quality of the brioche product and leads to nutrient loss of foods. Packaging is one of the important steps that may help to maintain the quality of the products. The flavor and texture of the brioche products might be change due to some of the contamination of the product. Therefore, packaging is needed to increase the self-life of the foods. During packaging, the losses of flavor and texture of brioche product can be minimize by effectively use of packaging material. However, sometimes there are also lead to some possible effect to the brioche products too. To prevent the growth of the microorganism or chemical contamination of natural toxin such as mycotoxins in the products, the manufacturer will added in some of the synthetic antimicrobials or preservatives such as propionates to increase the shelf life of the products. Propionates is one of the antimicrobial substances which used in the bakery products. It works effectively against the spore-forming bacteria and the bread molds that cause “ropy” bread condition. (Michaelides, J, 2015) Besides, added in some of the artificial sweetener can help in preserve the foods as well. Most of the processed food are taste good due to the high amount of sugar added into the products to make the food to taste better than the original and also to increase the shelf-life of the food.
Some of the common health problems associated with food are allergy and heavy metal toxicity. These health effect normally is due to the preservative added into the food, in the case refer to the calcium propionates. Allergy might be happen on a person who is sensitive to the chemical substances where it irritates the mucous membrane in digestive system. The sign and symptom after ingesting with this food addictive are itchy skin, wheezing, rash, swollen lips, face or tongue and hives. Besides, this addictive is a type of additional source of heavy metal. Heavy metal may damage the bones, endocrine system, liver, kidneys, lungs and other system in our human body. We should avoid to consume too much of addictive into our body especially for children and pregnant woman. (Health remedy, 2018) Furthermore, people consuming high amount of sugar may lead to health problems like diabetes. This is due to the high sugar concentration deposited in the body and the body failed to produce insulin to convert the sugar into glucose to store in the body.
Nowadays, we should avoid eating processed food as it can harm to our body. Besides avoid eating those processed food, there are also several ways to minimize the public health problems. One of the ways are read the ingredient label on the package before purchase the particular product. Understand the ingredient contains in a products is an important way so that we could know what substances are we actually added into foods and consume into our body. Second, buy the brioche product from a local bakery where less processed food can be find. (Creative, Health & Family, 2018) Avoid eating processed food by consume the freshly baked food is also one of the way to minimize the health problem brought from those processed food.
The nutritional content of the Turano brioche rolls contains 220 calories. There are 2.5g of total fat and 1.5g of the fat are come from the saturated fat. The Turano brioche rolls contributes 41g of total carbohydrates where there is 1g of dietary fiber and 8g of sugar. Besides, it also provides 8g of the protein per rolls. (Idea Booth, 2014)

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Diagram 1
Diagram above shows the type of brands that I had referred for the nutritional fact of the products.

Conclusion :
In conclusion, in this fast moving world, process foods are to be said that fully involving in our daily life. As we know that processed food contains types of chemical substances in it and diseases come about everyday are relating to them. Therefore, we should cut down the amount of consuming those processed foods and obtain a healthy lifestyle. A solution that may fix those problems is to fix how the way we eat in daily life. We can maintain a good habits by eating those processed foods for once a week or certainly not every day. Eating freshly baked goods or foods instead of processed foods is also one of the good habits that lead to healthy lifestyle. We should practice to eat whole, healthy foods which gives a small possibility to causes diseases. Along with these good habits, a healthier societies are able to emerge for the future.

INTRODUCTION: The day by day pollution in the environment is continuously increasing due to increase of factories, vehicles, plastic usage and daily requirements. There has been a lot of research in this field. One of the alternative for the reduction of pollution due to vehicles is usage of electric vehicles.

DESCRIPTION: The continuous usage of fuels by vehicles leads to the increase of air pollution and exhaustion of the reserves of fuel. ?Delhi
? is one of the best example for the air pollution due to vehicles. There has been a good advancement in technology that led to invention of vehicles that run by electricity to encounter for these situations.But the modern requirements that are met by them are very less. ?Tesla
? is the first company that has launched its vehicles which meet the modern requirements and they have been advancing a lot in this field. In the next decade we will be able to observe drastic increase in the usage of e-vehicles and hybrid vehicles. Few of the countries are advancing rapidly towards electrification.Sweden has opened the first electric road in the world. Most of the top companies such as Audi, BMW released their electric vehicles. The modern electric car capacity has reached upto a travel distance of 200 miles per charge of the vehicle. Even the heavy motor vehicles are on this segment recently.In India only locomotives mainly use electricity to run them. It is still in starting stage in case of road transport vehicles.

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CONCLUSION: The electric vehicles is one of the best solution for the reduction of emissions from the vehicles. But there is also another factor that causes pollution due to electric vehicles. ?The increased use of electric vehicles will require more production of electricity which is produced by causing pollution which contributes as indirect factor. The batteries which has to be disposed after some time causes pollution too which will be a long term cause.

The pyrazole ring is a prominent
structural motif found in numerous pharmaceutically active compounds. This is
mainly due to its ease of preparation and pharmacological activity. Many pyrazole
derivatives are known to possess a wide range of bioactivities such as anti-inflammatory [1], analgesic [2],
antibacterial [3], antifungal [4], and anticancer [5].

 

            The
wide range of biological activities associated with pyrazoles has made them
popular synthetic targets. Numerous methods have been developed for preparation
of substituted pyrazoles.

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            In
general, pyrazoles are synthesized by

 

(i)                
the reaction of 1,3-diketones with
hydrazines,

(ii)              
1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of diazo
compounds with alkynes

(iii)            
the reaction of ?,?-unsaturated
aldehydes and ketones with hydrazines.

 

Synthesis
of pyrazoles from 1,3-diketones and hydrazines

 

            First synthetic
method for the synthesis of pyrazoles which involves the reactions of
1,3-dicarbonyl compounds with arylhydrazines to afford pyrazoles
derivatives [6].

 

 

 

 

Synthesis of
pyrazoles via 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of diazoles with alkynes

 

            Alkynes react with diazo compounds
to afford 3,5-disubstituted pyrazoles [7].

 

 

 

 

Pyrazoles
from the reaction of hydrazines with ?,?-unsaturated aldehydes

and
ketones

           

            Another strategy for the synthesis
of pyrazoles is the cyclocondensation of an appropriate hydrazine with a
carbonyl compound having two electrophilic carbons at the 1 and 3 locations [8].

 

 

Literature
review

 

            M. Fedele et al., have synthesized a series of 1- acetyl-3,5-diphenyl-4,5-dihydro-(1H)-pyrazoles
and were investigated for their ability to inhibit selectively monoamine
oxidases, swine kidney diamine oxidase (SKDAO) and bovine serum amine oxidase (BSAO)
[9].

 

 

           

            B.
P. Anand et al., have synthesised
2-(5-Substituted-1H-pyrazol-3-yl) naphthalen-1-ol derivatives and they
were evaluated for in-vivo anti-inflammatory activity by acute
carrageenan induced paw edema standard method in rats using Indomethacin as a
standard drug [10].

 

 

 

            A. Mathew et al., determined the anticancer
activity of the pyrazole analogues of piperine by MTT
(3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-di phenyl tetrazolium bromide) assay method
[11].

 

 

 

            T. V. Rao et al., have synthesized 1-(5-Methyl-4H-pyrazol-3-yl)methanamine
derivatives and showed significant antibacterial activity [12].

 

           

            Patel VI et al., have synthesized Pyrazole
derivatives and they were screened for anti-tubercular activity [13].

 

 

            G.
M. Nitulescu et al., have synthesized
N-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazole-4-carbonyl)-thiourea derivatives and evaluated
for their analgesic and sedative effects [14].

 

 

 

 

Benzimidazoles

 

            The
benzimidazole ring is an important pharmacophore in modern drug discovery. The
synthesis of novel benzimidazole derivatives remain a main focus of medicinal
research. Recent observations suggested that substituted benzimidazoles show
easy interactions with the biopolymers, possess potential activity with lower
toxicities in the chemotherapeutic approach in man [15]. Several benzimidazole derivatives had been proven to
possess bioactivities such as antiviral [16], antihypertensive [17],
vasodilator [18], anticancer [19] antimicrobial [20], antioxidant and
antiglycation [21].

 

Synthetic
aspects of Benzimidazoles

            Practically all synthetic
processess of benzimidazoles start with benzene derivatives possessing nitrogen
containing functions ortho to each other.

1.     
General synthetic methodology

      Traditionally,
benzimidazole have most commonly been prepared from the reaction of 1,2-diaminobenzenes
with carboxylic acids under harsh dehydrating reaction conditions, utilizing
strong acids such as polyphosphoric acid, hydrochloric acid, boric acid, or p-toluenesulfonic
acid [22].

 

 

2.     
Benzimidazole ring closure

 

            This method is applicable to most
aromatic, unsaturated and aliphatic aldehydes and to substituted
1,2-diaminobenzenes without significant differences. A palladium catalyzed N-arylation
reaction provided a novel synthesis of benzimidazole from (o-bromophenyl)amidine
precursors under microwave irradiation [23].

 

3.      Diels-Alder
reaction

 

            Imidazole o-quinodimethane
intermediate undergoes Diels-Alder reaction with several dienophiles to yield
the benzimidazole derivatives in moderate yields [24].

 

 

Biological
activity

 

            A. Husain et al., synthesized
a series of benzimidazole bearing oxadiazole derivatives and screened for their
in-vitro anticancer activity against full NCI 60 human cell lines on
nine cancer subpanel with significant results [25].

 

 

 

            K.
F. Ansari et al., have synthesized some
benzimidazole derivatives containing oxadiazole like, 1-{[5-(alkyl/aryl)-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl]methyl}-2-alkyl-1H-benzimidazoles
and evaluated their antimicrobial activities [26].

 

 

            R. Sharma et al., have synthesized
certain methyl 5-(?-hydroxy-?-substituted-methyl)-1H-benzimidazole-2-carbomates
and screened them for anthelmintic activity [27].

 

 

            V. K. Pandey et al.,
have synthesized 1,2-disubstituted benzimidazoles and screened them for
antiviral activity [28].

 

            L.
K. Labanauskas et al., have
synthesized 5,6-dialkoxy-2-thiobenzimidazole derivatives which possesses
pronounced antiinflammatory properties [29].

 

            C. Kus et al.,
reported the synthesis and antioxidant properties of novel N-methyl-1,3,4-
thiadiazol-2-amine of benzimidazole class [30].

 

            H. Rajak et al.,
synthesized novel 2,5-disubstituted-1,3,4-thiadiazoles (243) as
potential anticonvulsant activity using standard drug Carbamazepine [31].

 

            P. Pattanayak et al.,
synthesized the new benzimidazole derivatives of
2-amino-5-sulfanyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole and evaluated their antidepressant
activity [32].

 

Introduction:

Public administration is defined as the activities, procedures and processes of performing and achieving government programs and policy objectives for the benefit of the general public or the people that the government sworn to serve (Brillantes & Fernandez, 2007). The heart of public administration is good governance that requires participation, pluralism, subsidiarity, transparency, accountability, equity, access, partnership and efficiency. It characterizes the actions and performances of political leader in power, of governing and exercising authority and power to govern.

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According to Prof Leonor Briones, a public office is a public trust; therefore, public officers, officials and employees are at all times be accountable to the people, serve them with utmost responsibility, integrity, loyalty and efficiency, act with patriotism and justice and lead modest lives (Briones, 2009).

Corruption Defined:

One broad definition of corruption is “the violation of norms of duty and responsibility for personal gain” (Angeles, 1999). A social problem happened to be a major stumbling block in the Philippines development. Corruption in the Philippines has been described as “the root cause of continued poverty” (Azfar Omar and Gurgur Tugrul, 2000), “pervasive and deep rooted” (World Bank, 2000) and a crippling hindrance to the economy and efficient governance (Asia Foundation, 2006). It exists from any levels, from the relatively small-scale and local to the office of the most powerful.

The abuse of the entrusted authority and power for private gain while in public office is generally termed as corruption that can be classified as grand, petty and political depending on the amounts of money lost and the sector where it occurs. Grand corruptions are those committed at a high level of government where officials distort policies or the central functioning of the state that enable leaders to benefit at the expense of public good. Petty corruption on the other hand pertains to the everyday abuse of entrusted power by low and middle level public officials in their interactions with ordinary citizens. Meanwhile, political corruption is the manipulation of policies, institutions and rules and procedures in the allocation of resources and financing by political decision makers who abuse their position to sustain power, status and wealth.

How good governance be operationalized in the Philippines rests on the type, character, attitudes and values of political leaders. The greater power comes with greater responsibility.

Current Developments:

Rodrigo Duterte’s rise to presidency brought a sense of cautious optimism across all sectors of the society that has been clamoring for swift change to end corruption in the government, inefficiency in the bureaucracy, income inequality, and the proliferation of armed groups and other lawless elements. His rise can be best understood as part of a broader collapse of barriers-to-power, which is transforming politics both in the Philippines and in other parts of the world. His overarching policy thrusts are to reestablish law and order, to make Philippine growth inclusive; and restructuring the Philippine system of government.

The centerpiece of Duterte’s leadership is to suppress the three evils of the society such as crime, illegal drugs and corruption. These three evils he believes are undermining security across all sectors and hampering the growth of the domestic economy. He pledged to instill discipline with an iron fist for everyone to adhere to the rule of law and strengthen the country’s justice system. To be able to reestablish law and order that impinge on national security, he launched a focused, time-bound campaign against criminals, drug lords and corrupt government officials under the joint efforts of the PNP and the AFP (Manhit, 2016).

As public administrator, President Duterte has been exerting efforts for all national government agencies, local government units, and every institution in business and civil society to take guidelines and strategic directions into account; to align their own transformation programs with these guidelines and strategic directions to achieve cohesion and convergence for national development. His leadership of the bureaucracy is capped with the core values hinged on the love of country; subordination of personal interests to the common good; and concern and care for the helpless and marginalized.

Conclusion:

Corrupt practices are like termites that eat up government resources that could have been provided to the people especially those who are mostly in need; these are hindrance to national security and survivability. Corruption impacts on societies in terms of freedom, health and money as well as undermines people’s trust in the political system, institutions and its leadership.

Eradication of corruption in our country will contribute in the solution of the problem related to developmental issue. In order to achieve that level, there is really a need to cultivate the following traits among Filipinos: Sense of integrity and accountability; Sense of common good; value of self-discipline and hardwork; and, sence of patriotism and national pride (Sen Shahani, 1988).

President Rodrigo Duterte as catalyst for change holds the torch for the country’s journey over the next five more years. He is seen as a leader with an iron-fist, an ordinary man against the oligarchs, a crime-fighter, and, a savior. His vision of a better future for the Filipinos regardless of ideology, religion, culture, socio-economic status, and geography is reflective of his unceasing, ultimate aspiration. Central to his leadership is national security and development for the welfare of the Filipino people. He believes that national security and development is the conquest of poverty and corruption in the government.

Introduction:
Nowadays, teaching English has become a challenging task as students have become more and more electic in terms language knowledge and level of competence. That’s why teachers try to create new environment to meet the students’ needs and demands. This framework analysis would benefit both parties: teachers in that the process of teaching should focus on the students’ specific needs and students in which they will meet their needs in terms of knowledge abilities and skills.
In this context, a survey in which students were asked to express their level of satisfaction related to the English course as well as to suggest topics and language issues they would like to deal with. In this case, study, the responses were analyzed to be interpreted in order to adopt the content of the course to meet the students’ expectations.

Designing an ESP course :
The language course for Business and Engineering students should be designed according to their needs and expectations.
ESP activities should be developed to meet the learner’s needs .Thus, needs analysis is a vital tool to assess the specific points needed by the students. In the second year of Business and Engineering from the North University Centre of Baia Marc, Technical University of Cluj Napoca in which the main aim is to assess their personal and language information and to set up areas of competence that an ESP student needs to develop.

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English is considered the lingua franca of international technical professions. Most technical universities demand their students to study at least one course in a foreign language and the choice will be either English, French or German.
As a result, many questions come under discussion. However, many pragmatics suggest that what unifies lingua Franco speech is communication strategies rather than the result of any structural convergence.

2) ESP and needs analysis
The main concerns of ESP have always been a focus on preparing students to communicate effectively to meet their needs in a particular task or situation.
According to Hutchinson and Waters, the ESP Teachers Are often adopting the content of the course to the reasons of learning English. Consequently, teachers are developing curriculum and teaching materials to fill the gap between student language level of proficiency before taking the course and at the end when they are supposed to achieve their goals and needs. Brown states that developing teaching activities and strategies of assessment are considered to be at the heart of students ‘needs in terms of goals and objectives.
The process of needs analysis aims at collecting information about the learner and the target environment of teaching ESP. In fact, it should be a procedure going on throughout the whole process of language development not just delivered at a particular period of time. The considerable difference between ESP and GE is the awareness of students’ needs with making efforts to properly meet them rather than being only at the stage of admitting their existence. Thus, the learner motivation of taking the course as well as the awareness of his communicative needs are leading factors to a successful teaching process.

According to Hutchinson and Waters, target needs are defined as necessities completely different from wants that learners believe they need. In this context, it is also necessary to distinguish between target needs and learning needs. The target needs refer to the target context of use that the learner is required to perform and the learning needs refer to the extensive efforts in order to make the learning happen.

In this regards, Berwick adds that needs are “the gap between what is and what should be “. The author draws a distinction between felt needs, which are needs that the learner have and the perceived needs, which are mainly about self-evaluation of other’s experiences.

Furthermore, Robinson draws a discrimination of objective needs which are defined as ” all genuine information about the learner ”
According to Alderson’s point of view, there are fundamentally four types of needs:
Formal needs
Actual or obligation needs
Hypothetical future needs
Wants
On the other hand, Altman calls for adjusting the learning resources according to the individual differences of proficiency level, age, maturity, goals and needs
According to Hutchinson and Waters and Robinson, needs analysis should be a continued process during all phases of each course to encourage students’ progress by identifying their needs and lucks. The key role of needs analysis in a skills centered approach is to discover students’ current abilities before taking the ESP course and enable them with the needed competence to communicate in a specific context of use 
For Hawkey, needs analysis represent a tool for the development of the course design. Brindley also states that needs analysis are of paramount importance in setting goals throughout the learning process.
Hughes points out the necessity of the speaking activities in the learning process which serve to improve the quality of classroom interaction as well as the importance of writing activities including modals and texts classification.

3) The Subjective Needs Analysis in Practical Application:
In order to reach the four objectives of ESP teaching, a needs analysis is essential. In this regard, after one academic year of learning English, normally, students are able to make an objective opinion about the teacher, the subject taught, and their needs in terms of language. This can also help the teacher improve him/her course through students’ feedback. For this case study, the subjective needs analysis, which concentrates on the learners’ wants, reasons for attending the course, and expectations, was chosen.

A questionnaire was designed to a group of 179 second year students from the Faculty of Engineering and from the Faculty of Sciences ,i.e. studying either technical or Business English . The questionnaire included four questions. The first dealt with non-English course related aspects. the second question ,which aimed at assessing students’ level of satisfaction with the English course and the teacher ,had positive responses (88%) , while 12% were dissatisfied stating that their dissatisfaction was due to the choice of activities ,and their peers’ attitude in the classroom . However, none of the students provided feedback about the teacher’s performance, behavior, knowledge or skill.

The third question dealt with the aspects and activities the students appreciated during the English course. « Most aspects referred exclusively to the course. », and some included the teacher’s behavior, or attitude that made them enjoy the course. Humor was proven helpful in reaching a positive atmosphere in the classroom.

Regarding activities, students showed appreciation of certain types of activities, and showed their dislike for others. Grammar, public speaking, reading and writing activities received the lowest scores. However, the highest score went to teamwork (35 out of 179). Students preferred working in groups because in these activities they are allowed to use their smart devises in order to help them with vocabulary or for extra information. The second activity that had a high score was games, in which competition was required and which involved team play. The reasons why these kind of activities were most liked is that they gave participants a feeling of safety from public judgement. Some students showed their preference to vocabulary related activities.

Regarding activities that are supposed to improve their listening skills, 23 students expressed their preference to them. This can be a good sign about their awareness of the necessity of improving this skill. Projects were only liked by 10 respondents despite that they are considered successful according to teachers. However, for students they are time consuming.

The final question was to suggest activities students consider useful. Grammar activities were requested by people who preferred them. Project activities were suggested by 12% participants (twice the number of students who mentioned these activities as their preferred ones). 35 students (almost a quarter of the respondents) suggested more teamwork activities. It is no surprise that games were suggested by a similar number of participants (33). Vocabulary activities were also requested.

In terms of speaking activities and presentations, 15 participants suggested more of them. This can be a proof that students are conscious about the need to practice their speaking skills.

Regarding the listening skills, 13% requested that this type of activity be used more during the English course .It is important to mention that among the whole group of respondents, 14 had no recommendations or suggestions.

Conclusion:
Since ESP teaching is a student-centered approach, it is important to focus on students’ wants and needs regarding the English course. Therefore, this questionnaire serves as a feedback on how students used to learn ESP, and a needs analysis for future ESP courses.
Being proven effective, this kind of questionnaire needs to be followed by other case studies in order to be updated about the students’ needs and wants related to the ESP course.
Introduction, designing an ESP course done by Feyza Mejri ESP and needs analysis done by Iness Guezzi
The Subjective Needs Analysis in Practical Application ,Conclusion done by Anfèl Ben Souheil

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