Study 1
The first study embarks on the study of anxiety by delving into the primary causes of anxiety namely fear and stress. The normal person has an adequately coordinated response to the two conditions of stress and fear while an individual with an anxiety disorder exhibits an excessive and supernormal tendency to get their stress and fear senses aroused. The condition is also coupled with feelings of apprehension, uncertainty, and fear that persist over a normal duration an individual may take. The research also classifies the anxieties by the types and the characteristic symptoms and the causes or side effects they have on the victims. To highlight a few of the biological causes of anxiety, aspects of age, gender and medical conditions are some of the most dwelt on factors that cause anxiety.
Study 2
The second article discusses the structural mechanism of the body and its intricacies plus the role the brain plays in managing and controlling anxiety disorders. One of the fundamental basis of the research is that the biological disorder has a genetic component hence the reason why psychiatric disorders are associated with hereditary genes that are passed from one generation to the next. The article also identifies some of the classes of anxiety diseases like panic disorder and phobias. The gene element manifests during the early stages of birth of patients as babies exhibit different reactions to stimulation or conditions of stress than others. In that sense, the research makes a deduction that babies who have extra sensitive temperaments are at a greater risk of developing anxiety-related conditions later in life. In general, individuals who have such reactive senses to conditions of stress and pressure tend to develop anxiety-related disorders and suffer pathological levels of anxiety.
Study 1
The first study used survey method and relied on other previously conducted studies on the topic of biological causes of anxiety. Some of the sources relied on are from credible sources like food and drugs association and the Institute of medicine. Some of the reports reviewed included the study conducted on war veterans and the percentages of the soldiers who suffered anxiety related causes after the war I Afghanistan.
Study 2
The second study employed a sample frame analysis. The sample size chosen for the research involved fifty chosen people with anxiety disorders and another a hundred and twenty for control purposes. The selected groups were then administered with questions and retrospective questionnaires. The answered questionnaires were then collected, and a total of one hundred and eighty-nine were returned and further investigations conducted by the research team.
Study 1
The generalized study one revealed a significant level of the population suffering anxiety-related disorders. The most common among the classes of the disorders revealed as generalized anxiety disorder at its prevalence ranges to five percent of the population. The signs associated with the victims varied from one person to the next, but crosscutting effects were seen as the constant state of worry. The other symptoms include the victims becoming overly perfectionist and too unsure of themselves. Most of the patients also show some sense of restlessness easily irritable and occasional disturbed sleep.
Study 2
The study two indicated that the assessments of the relationship between childhood experiences as a biological factor that come into play as the causal agent of the anxiety-related condition. The findings from the questionnaires indicate the higher level of trauma during childhood stages of the conditions like family feuds, sexual abuse, illnesses and other factors.
The first study recognizes the fact that anxiety disorders are caused by a combination of both biological, psychological and environmental factors. In most instances, exposure to conditions of stress at an early stage in a person’s developmental process makes them more susceptible than the rest of the population. It also traces the incidences of attacks to a person’s genes through establishing the fact that high chances of a relative of the patients having differed the conditions of stress and anxiety. Further, other classes of the condition such as obsessive-compulsive disorder are most likely to affect the females than they are to the males indicating a higher prevalence to other genders. To a wider scope, other risk factors may expose a patient to conditions of pressure and anxiety-like traumatic events. The events that trigger anxiety like incidences of terror attacks cause and exposes people to conditions that make them vulnerable and susceptible to attacks.
Finally, the study on the veterans shows that exposure to conditions of war exposed a person more to the conditions of anxiety compared to other factors of biological nature. To rectify some of the mentioned conditions of anxiety, cognitive behavioural therapy alongside another medical procedure can be employed. The therapy sessions can help reduce incidences of suffering in pre-exposed children to conditions of anxiety with critical points in all the process being placed on the identification of the sources of anxiety in specific subjective patients. Psychological education and general enlightenment about anxiety can help people cope with the various conditions.

References Study 1
Naomi M. Simon et al. (2004) Anxiety Disorder Comorbidity in Bipolar Disorder Patients: Data From the First 500 Participants in the Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for Bipolar Disorder (STEP-BD) Study 2.

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The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are goals that were developed globally to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity by the end of 15 years from 2016-2030(UNDP, 2018).
Begashaw and Sachs, 2018 defined Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as a universal agenda, calling on all nations to pursue economic development, social inclusion, and environmental sustainability, on the basis of good governance(Begashaw and Sachs, 2018).
Previously, developing countries were referred to as nations that were related to having inflation but this was not defined as it meant either low-, middle- or high-income. World Bank viewed the term “developing countries” as not suitable. “For example, China, Bolivia, and Eritrea, which fall in three different income groups” are all referred to as developing(Fernholz Tim, 2016).
The World Bank Group reported that although poverty has declined rapidly over the past three decades, people still face urgent and complex challenges. Despite the rising prosperity in many countries, inequality and social exclusion are also rising(WBG, 2015).

Sierra Leone, Uganda, Madagascar and Togo are the four African countries that volunteered to conduct national reviews of their implementation of the 2030 Agenda.
The government of Uganda already started working towards achieving the SDGs through the development of 76% of the nation’s 2015/16-2019/20 national development plan in line with the SDGs. (UNDP, 2018).

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The following are the feasible action points to achieve the SDGs:
No poverty.
Poverty is the failure of government and community to identify, mobilize and match existing resources with a set of priority needs in order to enable the populace to have an acceptable and the minimum standard of living that enhances well-being (Wooding, et al, 2012, p.1).
All forms of poverty can be ended through improving the accessibility of the people to essential goods and services, and the protection of vulnerable and disadvantaged people through incorporating appropriate new technology and financial services like microfinance as well as the implementation of nationally appropriate social protection systems(The et al., 2016).
There is a need for policy making, improving welfare, sustaining livelihoods and maintaining peace which will, in turn, strengthen domestic growth and promote structural transformation(Unctad, 2018).
Globally over 1 billion people still live in destitution, a state of affairs that is morally unacceptable given the resources and the technology available today(WBG, 2015).
Those experiencing extreme poverty, the majority of them are living in fragile and remote areas. Many people have difficulty to access to good schools, healthcare, electricity, safe water, and other critical services, which are often determined by socioeconomic status, gender, ethnicity, and geography. For the people who have been able to move out of poverty, the change is often temporary and are affected by economic shocks, food insecurity, and climate change which robs them of their hard-won gains and force them back into poverty(The World Bank, 2018).
A poverty assessment of Uganda in 2016 showed a significant reduction in the number of Ugandans living below the poverty line to have declined from 31.1 per cent in 2006 to 19.7 per cent in 2013(Hurtt Haley, 2017).

Zero hunger.
Zero hunger is a strategy to globally end hunger and achieve food security by 2030. This can be achieved in developing countries by ensuring that nutritious food is available and affordable is a basic need for all. This can be done by increasing the productivity of small-scale food producers; maintaining genetic diversity, improving rural infrastructures; stemming agricultural export subsidies, and limiting the volatility of food prices(The et al., 2016).
Good health and well-being.
There is a need for the governments of developing countries to ensure healthy lives and well-being for all people of all age groups, there is a need to prevent non-communicable diseases which are on a rise and are caused by poor lifestyles such as smoking, excess alcohol consumption, sedentary life, and poor eating habits.
This can also be achieved through the reduction of deaths caused by hazardous chemicals and pollution and the development of health risk warning systems.
Strengthened implementation of health policies in line with the World Health Organization Framework Directive and access to health care will also enhance achievement of healthy lives and well-being for all(The et al., 2016).
Quality education.
The governments in developing countries need to mobilize education and information campaigns with an emphasis on people with low income and low literacy levels through providing easy and equal access to universal pre-school, primary and secondary education to all learners in order to avail the people with skills to live sustainable lives(The et al., 2016).
The government of Uganda has worked towards ensuring inclusive and equitable education and promoting lifelong learning opportunities for all through putting up universal primary and secondary education(NDPII, 2019).
Gender inequality.
The universal goal to achieve gender equality and empowerment for all women and girls in developing countries is still a big issue in many developing countries, women are still denied their rights to either income, health care, land ownership or education. There is the need for policies that aim to achieve acknowledgement of unpaid and domestic work through provisions of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies(The et al., 2016).
The government of Uganda has strengthened gender equality and women’s empowerment through the formulation of a gender-responsive regulatory framework, development of policies and strategies. The research was done to get information for the institutionalization of gender planning in all sectors which resulted in an increased number of women in political leadership, enrolled girls at primary level and increased ownership of land by women.
Despite all the effort that has been put, there is still need for improvement in gender parity, women own only 27 per cent of the registered land and less than 20 per cent control the outputs and proceeds from their efforts even when 70 per cent of agriculture is carried out by the women(NDPII, 2019).
Clean water and sanitation.
The governments in the developing countries need to ensure availability and sustainability management of water and sanitation for all through;
• Ensuring that there is access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation, special attention to be given to the needs of women and girls.
• Ensuring protection of water sources by reducing pollution, untreated wastewater, water efficiency, and water resource management and protecting water-related ecosystems.
• The building of international cooperation to enhance technology exchanges and international river basin management.
• Support and strengthening of community participation in water and sanitation (The et al., 2016).
Affordable and clean energy.
For developing countries to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy, there is a need to increase power generation, extended distribution infrastructure and upgraded technology to enable the supply of modern and sustainable energy, including an increased share of electricity generated from renewable energy sources. For example, improvements in water, transport and telecommunications infrastructure can directly improve the living conditions of the people(Unctad, 2018).

Decent work and economic growth.
Achieving the goal of promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all in developing countries requires sound national development strategies which must be strongly geared towards a sustained acceleration of output growth, combining productivity increases with the creation of productive employment opportunities and an expansion of supply capacities which demand growth(Unctad, 2018).
Industry, innovation, and infrastructure.
Developing countries can achieve the above SDG goal through building resilient infrastructure, promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialization and fostering innovation through developing and implementing policies aimed at accelerating the signs of progress towards a higher share of the manufacturing industry where income and employment generation for the nationals must be complemented by measures to ensure that benefits go to all groups of society and that the modes of production and consumption are environmentally sustainable and climate-friendly(Sachs, 2015).
Reduce inequality.
Reduction of inequality in developing countries can be achieved by addressing the need to adopt social protection policies. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in 2013 reported that there is still inequality among African nations and that it is higher when globally compared on average. Recently the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) also reported that reducing poverty and income inequality within each developing country will strengthen the domestic forces of growth. this can be achieved by developing policies that will bring about change in income distribution with the main aim to progressively achieve equality within the countries globally(Unctad, 2018).

The Sustainable Development Goals can be achieved in developing countries when the governances still have a gap in the reinforcement of the set policies and strategies that directly affect all people such as access to food, clean water, equality, healthcare, quality education, decent work and affordable and clean energy. Monitoring and evaluation of the projects put to reinforce the policies and plans will also enhance the achievement of the SDGs. Although a lot has been done, the end to extreme poverty is far from over, inclusive of many challenges.

is the type of disease that usually affects the joints of the body. There are
various types of arthritis such as rheumatoid .Rheumatoid arthritis is the
autoimmune disease that causes chronic or inflammatory disorders and affects
the joints that are of primary types such as the finger joints , wrist joint
etc. It also attacks flexible joints. The disease is of unclear aetiology. In
this disease the immune system starts attacking the body’s tissues, that causes
inflammation. This disease results in the joint pain, stiffness, swelling and
sometimes to deformity of joints .There are certain clinical signs such heat,
breathing rate, pulse rate etc. Thermal image technique or processing using the
MATLAB environment plays an important role in the analysis of the inflammation
in joints. Thermal imaging is the non invasion method that is used to detect
the pathogenic disorder of the joints as with other disorder that can be diag.
The importance of this technique is due to the non invasion thermally graphic method  on referring both the health and operation
point of view. The technique is based on the thermo graphically detecting
system. So, thermography is define to be the best way of detecting the disease
with minimum error by using the tool available in the environment. It is
important to detect the rheumatoid arthritis at the early stage itself as it
results in the painful condition which can lead to the substantial loss in the
mobility of the joints. Due to this there is requirement of such system that is
intelligent enough to detect the arthritis at early stage. With reference to
the complication that are involved in the detection of the disease it gives us
the idea of designing such a system which ensures us with the possible outcomes
and that is used in many ways with different approaches. Such designing of the
system will be useful to easily detect the abnormal region from the image
easily by using various algorithm with standard calculation that are needed.
The reason why to use thermal imaging technique is that there is no need of
direct contact with the physical part of the body which cause not much pain to
the body of the person. The next possible advantage can be the one which is
crucial that is the time required to analyse such a defect is negligible and
with the appropriate measures. The traditional methodology for such an arthritis
is very complex and due to this many experts they offer the test which includes
looking the joints for tenderness, swelling, painful or very less movement. The
patterns of the joints and the number also indicate RA.

For the disorder to know the specialist
will be questioning few questions that may depend on the family background of
the patient .Such answers gives the idea to the expert about the genetic
situation of the patient. It is mandatory for the patient to give the answer
correctly to get the inference from such review. On the basis of such review
the specialist they make some results that help them to detect the disorder by
knowing the family background. After this activity now it depends on the
reports of the test that had been considered .Here the test dose not end there
are many image technique that need to be considered while doing so.

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The imaging technique includes various
other methods such as the X-ray, computerised tomography (CT),magnetic
resonance imaging(MRT),and ultrasound .There are various other environment
needed to go through each test and thus the cost vary. The first technique
deals with the capturing of the image using low level radiation like wise the
overall methods has some or the other way to capture the image and then on the
basis of this images the overall report is generated .Then such report is to be
studied by the experts and then they give the solution on such disorder level.
To overcome such a lengthy process we decided to provide a best and the proper
system to predict such a complicated disorder with full accuracy as per as our
level is considered. As per as the engineering point of view our work is just
to provide a solution that is based on the various algorithms that is been
considered as per the requirement.

The Marburg Virus is a type of viral hemorrhagic fever in humans that is severe and can cause death. Viral hemorrhagic fevers are illnesses that affect the body’s ability to clot. T Marburg causes a plethora of severe and eventually deadly symptoms. The virus is rare, having only a handful of cases being reported. The Marburg virus belongs to same family of viruses as Ebola, Filoviridae family. Marburg uses RNA as as its genetic material and is an animal borne virus.

When it was discovered:
The first major outbreak of the Marburg virus recorded was in 1967. Outbreaks occurred at the same time in Marburg, where the virus got its name, and in Frankfurt, Germany. There was also an outbreak in Belgrade, Serbia. These three outbreaks affected 31 people and 7 died. The first people to be affected were laboratory workers that came into contact with African green monkeys, which were being used to study polio vaccines, that had the virus. The discovery of the Marburg led to the creation of the Filoviridae family .

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Where it comes from and how it is transmitted:
The virus is native to Africa, specifically to Kenya, Zimbabwe and Uganda. It is believed that fruit bats are the original hosts. The Rousettus aegyptiacus, more commonly the Egyptian fruit bat, has been found to carry the Marburg virus. Exactly how the virus is first transmitted from it’s animal host to a human is not yet clear. However, the virus is highly contagious. It can be passed from human to human in a few common ways. It has been transferred because of being in close proximity to infected people, like a hospital or sharing the same home. Also direct contact with bodily fluids, or contaminated surfaces and materials, are also sources of disease.

The incubation and symptoms:
The incubation time varies from 2 to 21 days, with many patients developing symptoms between 5 and 7 days. Like Ebola the virus has a sudden onset. It begins with a high fever, severe headache and a general feeling of sickness. Muscle fatigue and pain is a very common feature as well. By the third day, vomiting, watery diarrhea and abdominal pain can begin and persist for a week. Patients will be incredibly lethargic and appear “ghost-like.” Rashes have also been a reported symptom in previous patients. In fatal cases, hemorrhaging becomes persistent. This bleeding can manifest in different ways. It will commonly start with the nose and gums, and be present in vomit and feces. Eventually, an infected person will bleed from every orifice. Bleeding at the site of IV injections is especially difficult when trying to treat a patient. In late stages of the disease a patient can become aggressive, confused and irritable, due to the toll the virus takes on the central nervous system. Jaundice, multi-organ dysfunction and liver failure also occur as the disease becomes more severe. According to the World Health Organization, patients die from extreme loss of blood and shock within 8 to 9 days of showing symptoms.

Fatality rates:
Marburg virus disease is fatal. On average, the fatality rate is 50% for the disease. Although in previous cases the rates have varied from 23% to 88%. The rate of fatality for the Marburg virus can depend on factors like the strain of the disease present and the way each case is controlled.
Diagnosing the disease can be tricky because the symptoms are similar to those of typhoid fever and malaria. Complex laboratory test are used to confirm that a patient is infected with the Marburg virus.

There isn’t a cure for the disease. Much like Ebola, treatment is mainly that of supportive care. Through IV’s a patient’s fluids are maintained, lost blood is replaced and treatment for specific complications, like infection, is administered. In some cases, plasma has been transfused to aid with blood clotting.
Experimental treatments have been tested in animals, including drug therapies, immune therapies and blood medicines.

Since the first reported outbreak in 1967 there have been 10 more outbreaks. The deadliest case occurred in Angola in 2005. Out of 252 affected people, 227 died. This also made the Angolan outbreak the largest to date.
The most recent case was in Uganda in 2017, killing 3 people of the same family. No other cases were found during this outbreak.

Because there is no vaccine for the disease and no cure, prevention and outbreak control is key to stopping further outbreaks. Since many of the cases were linked to caves and mines inhabited by fruit bats, the risk of human-to-bat contact should be reduced. Anyone who is working in, researching or touring mines or caves with fruit bat colonies in them should wear protective gear. The spread of the disease between humans is controlled by reducing close contact with infected individuals or materials. Containment of outbreaks includes placing the sick in quarantine, identifying people that the sick may have come in contact with and monitoring them for 21, and properly and promptly burying the dead. All of these practices have been observed by the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, as well as individual country’s health administrations and government.

Marburg virus disease is deadly, contagious and rare. While there are no cures or vaccines for it health organizations and researchers around the world are doing their best to spread awareness and keep the disease from becoming an epidemic.

introduction; The film Wall-E is related to the science and description area because it talks about the environment and what can happen can happen in the future The film starts with a robot named Wall-E and he is assigned to clean up the earth from all the waste that the humans have left behind. It shows him coming out of his house that is full of different little things that humans would think are trash but he does not know what they are and considers them treasures. As he is performing his duties,he hears another ship land and drops off another root named Eve. Eve’s mission is to find any living organism and bring it back to the main ship where all the humans are living so that they can determine if it is okay to return to earth.

Paragraph 1;The last functioning trash-compacting on earth,Wall-E

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