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Internet and Smartphones has played a major role in everyones’ live for sometime now. Making life more comfortable for us to enjoy. The Internet is a global network that provides a variety of information, whereas Smartphone performs many function of accurate knowledge for handy purposes. The smartphones are undeniably convient in this century. It helps us to have an easier and more comfortable life. Technology has been part of our life like language, ritual values, arts and more. It also effects our way of thinking and learning. People are increasingly using mobile phones rather than the fixed telephones. There are a wide variety of addictions that young children and adults learn and become through out time. Statistics given to us show them percentage of users who abuse the addiction of their smartphone and internet use. “According to the report, a gap of 27.1 percentage points exists between groups with the highest and lowest reported rates of home Internet use. Asians reported the highest use at 78.3 percent and Hispanics the lowest at 51.2 percent.” (File, Thom). Smartphone involving social media and internet access has become a major issue affecting the way teenagers learn and interact with others.The excessive use of Smartphones can lead to depressions, health and social anxiety in young adolescents and teenagers, ages 11 to 18.
Teenagers have an impulse to stay on their smartphones for an excessive amount of time. The addiction increases every second they tend to spend on their didgital devices. This addiction is commonly known as Nomophobia. Nomophobia is an abbreviation for no-momo-phone phobia, (a fear without phone contact) first coined in 2008 by UK. Office Study (Secur Envoy, 2012). By having the impulse be on ones’ phone leads to the addiction in us to depend on our phones. “Impulsiveness involves making choices that discount future rewards and prefer more immediate gains.” (Puri; Rook & Fisher,1136). In other terms, we are eager or yearing for something we want but don’t really need. There has been studies on what Smartphone that can cause actual technology medical problems in the human bodies known as Tensynovitis and WhatsAppits. Tensynovitis is caused by inflammation of a tendon in the wrist including (swelling, pain and difficulty moving), whereas WhatsAppitis is a medical term for pain in the wrist due to excessive use. In recent studies India isknown for being the second most-largerst smartphone addiction market. “About 200 million users surpassing the U.S, according to Counterpoint Research reports published on 2016,” (The Hindu, 3Feb, 2016). A numerous people do not know how bad smartphone addiction is effecting their lives. Smartphones are causing problems like physical body pain, eye straining, anxiety, and grades dropping. There has been research indicating that “more time on Facbook equals slightly lower grades,” (Miguel, 2010). The amount of time spend on social media, Twitter, Snapchat equals to their grades dropping constantly. For a better understanding of smartphone, the study focused on “the relationship between nomophobia and impulsiveness in college students between the ages of 18-23. (Nagpal, Saroj Sharma, 1136). The main study is focused on the gender difference on nomophobia and their impulsiveness. Participants were about 200 college student, (100 m’s & 100 f’s), who are pursuing bachelors and master degrees. As for answers, the results came to show that there was no gender differences found in impulsiveness. To be sure researcher examined to see if the gender difference exist in the studies as nomophobia. Showing the mean values, standard deviation values, t and p values. “(1=2.395, p-value=0.018 which is significant at 0.05).” (Nagpal, Saroj Sharma, 1138). And for the two genders, studies found that there are gender differences in nomophobia with males revealed higher nomophobia contrast to females.
Mobile phone is an addiction that impulse us to bounce back into our habits as if we never left. “An addiction is a excessive dependence upon a certain thing,” (Park, 232). Indeed young teens and adults use smartphone because of how convenient it is, still the digital device has a huge impact on our lives. To put it bulnt, our world is slowly losing our abilities to perform as humans. There are many theories and hypothesis on whether if there is a relationship between genders and mobile phones. I agree that there are relation between the two, judging by the addiction I see with smartphones in people’s hand. Many studies where relevant to the study demonstrating the gender difference (males and females) in mobile phone addiction. Studies showed that women and men are about as equally dependent on mobile phone usage. Mobile Phone Problems Use Scale (MPPUS) list series of question based on Addiction literature; known as behavioral and technological addiction. Based off the tolerance to exscape problems or stressed were covered by twenty-seven questions. A five point Likert scale was use to determine the responding range of the MPPUS; from 1to 5, or least to greatest. Researcher added a project called “Perceived Stress Scale” (Cohen et al., 223): Cohen confirms with his research that PSS justify the stress of college student (medical students,) ages 20-24 and genders were included in the study. Therefor the results confirmed that there are gender differences in mobile phone addiction. The author (Amreen, Sekhon, 232) hypothesis were right about female being more dependent than males on mobile phone addiction.There wer similar studies that approve with the hypothesis. “Billieux, et al (2008) observed that woman have higher cell phone addiction than men.” (Amreen. Sekhon). Studies proved that women are more dependent upon their urgency than men. A long the same lines as Subba et al. (2013) can agree that women are reliant on mobile phone than men was found in her studies amongst medical college students in South India.
Addiction can go a long way and can start from an early age if not taking proper care first; just one simple device in the palms of our hands can change us in many ways. As proof, in South Korea that was reported by Korea Communications Commission, estimated about “200 million Smartphone user, and to Statistic Korea about 40 million people (15-year-old) carrying Smartphones,” (Sim, 1), which is saying a lot since Smartphones are considerably spread out and how addictive they are considering how much information digital devices can store. “The addiction to Smartphones is highly likely to cause physical and psychosocial problem as well as Internet addiction.” (Porte, Shaw & O’Kelly, 1). In the year 2010, in Stanford University, there was a survey on 200 iPhone users (students) that showed addicted behavior on recent and long-time users that reliant on iPhone in their lifetime. Likewise teenagers can do multiple things on their own; however they tend to take the easy way out by using technology instead. The project “Development of a Korean Smartphone Addiction Proneness Scale” (Min, Kwon) examined the amount of Smartphone addiction in South Korea amongst male and female in adolescents and adults. The project was divided by groups of three, (the high-risk group, the low-to medium-risk group, and the general group.) According to (Shin, KW,) results, he reported that the addiction to Smartphone rates of high and low risk were “2.2 and 9.3%, respectively, in adolescents, and 1.0 and 6.7%, respectively, in adults.” (Min, Kwon). Min theory of people becoming attached to their Smartphone is extremely useful because it sheds light on the difficult problems of people reliance on their Smartphone without even knowing. People have used multiple methods to take stress of them about their addiction by using the Internet; they have the comfort knowing someone in the world is dealing with the same issue as them. Multiple website that people look up can start a meeting with other users and tell them about their addiction and not feel threaten or uncomfortable about it. “Crack berry” a website for users and abusers to discuss their addicted Smartphone use and with “these self-report evidences indicate that a large number of users may be experiencing unwanted reliance on their Smartphone,” (Rush S, 2)
Today mobile phone are the most efficient type use of communication in our everyday lives regardless, we choose to ignore the effects that it has on our mental and physical health. “The Relationship between Mental Health and Addiction to Mobile Phones among University Students of Sharekord Iran,” Thomée et al, stated, “problematic and overuse of mobile phones is associated with anxiety, insomnia, depression, psychological distress, and unhealthy lifestyle.” (Babadi, 94) The attachments of mobile phone user and their mental and physical health indicates that mobile phone causes numerous of problems to the body such as “auditory and visual problems, increased pressure of acid on the cornea and lens tissue, headache, heat sensation in the ears, memory loss, and fatigue.” (Zhao&Kosmanis, 94). All these health problems are caused by just by the constant use of mobile phones is getting out of hand. The World Health Organization issued that mental health is health conduction that a person knows his/her own abilities and their ways of coping with their issues. About (16%) of the 105 college students Hooper and Zhou had studied were found to have behavioral problems. For example their research found that behavioral problems are caused by stress and stress is caused by mobile phone addiction. “The rate of addiction to text message in different educational groups of student was different.” (Hassanzadeh, Beydokhit & Nassiri, 94). Even though technology has been a useful and necessary tool, due to the constant use, it still can lead to addiction from the limitless use of mobile phones. As we know people are more dependent on the digital device than, they intend to believe, especially young people. “Young people are more vulnerable to excessive phone use, and thus, become more phones dependent.” (Chóliz, 95). I wholeheartly endorse Chóliz statement by allowing young people limitless access to their cell phones they can eventually become reliant on them. Now-a-days adolescents and teenagers are caught up on social media or their friends lives that they forget they have a life of their own to live. They would rather watch videos or play video games rather than socialize with their own family.
A technology that persuades people to constantly use it as a communicator is known as a cell phone or (another term for Smartphone). In the book, “The Shallows,” (Carr, Nicholas) examines college students’ cell phone usage from a behavioral and physical perspective. Study suggests those college students’ use cell phones for a variety of things. For example cell phone can help manage time, financial benefits, hold on important information, and keep in touch with friends and family and more. Though I concede that cell phone is an efficient cellular device one can have, I still insist that cell phone can still impact our lives drastically if we don’t make a change. In addition, a survey was done on a group of college students to study their dependence and their performances on cell phones. The outcome of the studies shows that the students that were examined all showed mixed feelings and attitude towards cell phone usage. Ones’ opinion cannot justify anyone else’s’ opinion on the subject at hand, but it is useful to hear other opinions and learn from more from others. Despite cell phone offering us many opportunities, it can still harm our ways of living. “The more we rely on technology, the more we lose our abilities to function as humans.” (Carr, Nicholas).
Numerous of individuals believe that cell phones addiction is not that huge of an issue, but a few do not realize that it is an issue at all. We gotten too attached to our phones that we have begun to block out the world around us. If we are right about the impacts of teenagers always on their cell phones, there will be major consequences. We need to learn to look up from the phones. People, especially teenagers require the need to not be so dependent to their phones since they are missing out on life. What they will never realize is that they are, as of now, missing out on most of it as they grow up. They skipped their childhood and went straight to be an adult. They missed the most critical portion of life, growing up. While people will find their own ways of controlling their stress, an addiction is hard to beat on our own, especially when temptation is always at our reach. There are a number of steps to get our Smartphone and Internet under control. The more we understand our Smartphone use, the more it will be easier to avoid our habit to rebound and regain control of our time; (1) Recognizing your habits (say if feeling lonely or bored.) For example my urge is my phone because I feel self-soothe, but instead of going to my phone I know look for other ways of managing my moods like exercising or reading a book; (2) Build coping skills (we may prefer to let our anger out by posting or tweeting our troubles online rather than in person.) There are other ways of controlling your stress. For instance hanging out with friends more or be more involved with celebrating an event with family.; and (3) Strengthen our social skills (making time each week or every other week for your friends and family.) If you are shy as me, I recall joining a sports team, a book club, or volunteer for a good cause, this way making a friend will be easier since they might have the same interest as you. By interacting with others, relationship are build and that feeling of lonely starts to disappear for you to enhance your life more and strengthen your health. The previous treatments that were provided can help reduce the addiction if your will to try. Even though mobile device offer a lot of advantages to us, they should not consume us so much that they become an addiction to us.

Citations
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Enez Darcin, Asli; Kose, Samet; Noyan Cemal Onue., et al. “Smartphone addiction and its relationship with social anxiety aand loneliness.” Behaviour ; Information Technology. Jul2016, p520-525.
Knopf, Alison. “Brown University Child & Adolescent Behavior Letter.”Supplement 7. Oct2017, p1-2.
Kwon, Min, Lee, Joon-Yeop, Won, Wang-Youn., et al. “Development and Validation of a Smartphone Addiction scale (SAS).” PLoS ONE. Feb2013, p1-7.
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Peedin, Alexis Rachel; Karp, Julie Katz. “Pathology and Professionalism in the Age of Social Media” Archives of Pathology ; Laboratory Medicine. Apr2018, p441-442.
Sara Bellum. “In Recovering-Step to Overcoming Addiction.” Drugs ; Health Blog, 13 May. 2011, teens.drugabuse.gov/?
Sekhon, Amreen. ” Gender Differences in Mobile Phone Addiction.” Indian Journal of Health ; Wellbeing. (2018), p232-234.
Upreti, Rashmi, Singh. “Transformation of man into smartphone slave.” Indian Journal of Health ; Wellbeing. (2017). p1075-1078.
Vinayak, Seema; Malhotra, Madhvie. “Impact of impulsiveness on mobile phone addiction.” Indain Journal of Health ; Wellbeing. (2017), p1102-1106.

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