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Health Behaviours Among Health Professionals
U3187017
Shaista Waqar
Psychology for Health Professionals 9830
1161
Abstract
There have been various investigations considering the health behaviours of health professionals and whether their everyday lifestyles are an influence on their patients. The purpose of this review is to explore these investigations, concluding ideas such as obesity and alcohol habits of health professionals and how they have an impact on their clinical practice. This can be performed using surveys and cross- sectional analysis of a variety of reviews to identify such a debatable issue. As there has not been extensive research accomplished regarding this concern, in future, it is a subject to consider performing far- reaching observations in order to communicate the relationship between the personal and professional life of a health practitioner and their influence on patients.
Health Behaviours Among Health Professionals
Health professionals are expected to be role models for healthy behaviours. They are believed to influence their patients through their personal health behaviours. This may result in patients seeing the behaviour of their health professionals as motivation and therefore, the lifestyle of a health professional is recommended and encouraged to be relatively healthy. In today’s society and research, there have been mixed critical comments on the health of professionals in health care and their behaviours towards being practical of their profession, suggesting they are to improve their health lifestyle and have a much more positive impact on their patients. However, the theory of “personal health behaviour influencing their health promotion practice has little evidence to support it.”
Evidence suggests that the personal health behaviours of health care professionals may have an impact on how they perform their practice. Many reviews regarding obesity suggest that “even the body weight of doctors is relative to their attitudes towards weight management” as well as their actual weight management practices as health professionals. Furthermore, the qualitative synthesis of investigating health identified that “health professionals of normal weight were more likely to be more confident in their weight management practice… and have more positive outcome expectations”.
Cross sectional studies were also performed where it was found that “normal weight doctors and nurses were more likely than those who were overweight to use strategies to prevent obesity in-patients” as well as assisting them in achieving a healthy weight- loss. Though, if one has the confidence and skills within health promotion practice, they most likely have the ability to raise lifestyle issues with patients, regardless of their own personal health behaviours. 
Likewise, individual commitment in physical activity gives off an impression of being identified with levels of physical action advancement despite the fact that self- report estimation of physical action is risky. An investigation of qualified medical attendants had announced that numerous medical caretakers are not accomplishing the prescribed levels of physical action. Further, 25% of the example were in danger of dangerous drinking or had a functioning liquor issue and 11% were present smokers and 17% were past smokers. This examination affirmed a connection between the medical caretakers’ close to home wellbeing practices and their physical movement wellbeing advancement enhances. Two other methodical audits recommend that individual tobacco utilize, and liquor utilization are likewise identified with wellbeing advancement practices.

I believe that while it is beneficial for patients that health professionals’ practice what they preach, there is not enough information on the lifestyle habits of theirs to evidently support the fact that it is a serious issue. It only becomes a serious issue if a doctor, for example has an addiction to smoking and this influences his professional practice where they are absent. It also “adds to the cost of care delivery when services become less efficient and agency staff are employed to cover essential personnel”.
Further research must focus on ideas based on theory and “appropriately validate instruments and multivariate analyses” in order to find a detailed relationship between the behaviours of health professionals and their influence on the practice.
A vast collection of evidence proposes that a critical extent of health professional have high rates of liquor use, with utilization expanding after some time. An ongoing review of 3,213 Canadian specialists found that on days when they drank liquor 1.3% of male and 0.8% of female specialists expended five mixed beverages during the previous year, and 12% of male and 4% of female specialists had done as such in the previous month. Past research led crosswise over five nations has additionally discovered that liquor mishandle in health professionals is identified with different factors, for example, age, sexual orientation, identity qualities and working extend periods of time in spite of the fact that proportions of liquor manhandle shifted over the investigations. Work- related pressure may represent unfortunate adapting propensities, for example, liquor utilize, smoking and additionally utilizing drugs for satisfaction purposes.

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Health professionals are preferably situated to advance and enhance the wellbeing and prosperity of people and families. They can achieve vast extents of the populace as they are regularly seen as role models by their patients, and all things considered are relied upon to try to “preach what you practice”. Notwithstanding, collaborations with patients and the level of intercession and care gave to patients might be controlled by an assortment of components, including the doctors personal and professional states of mind, convictions and encounters of liquor, and their very own liquor utilize. Individual wellbeing convictions and the significance that an individual connects to their practices may likewise impact the reception of wellbeing related practices. For instance, negative states of mind towards substance clients have been accounted for by various gatherings of health professionals, including thinking about such patients as unrewarding and obnoxious. Doctors own particular liquor utilize may likewise assume an essential job in their cooperation with their patients. For instance, Crothers and Dorrian found that medical caretakers who devoured liquor will probably trust that the threat is in the liquor, and not in the individual, along these lines setting up a positive affinity with their patients. In this manner, these elements may shape and impact connections between health professionals and their patients.

Majority of reviews indicated that a range of professional alcohol-related health promotion practices are currently being conducted using the 5-As behavioural counselling framework; ask, access, advice, agree and assist. However, health professionals may not use the 5-As behavioural counselling framework for a number of reasons, including, “a lack of confidence. a lack of knowledge about alcohol use (i.e., what constitutes a unit) and related risk factors, a lack of time and/or a lack of training and/or uncertainty about if and how they should raise the topic with their patients.” Such factors can be barriers in the requirements of assistance to a patient.
Personally, I found it astounding that only a few studies have examined the connection between health professional’s personal liquor states of mind and practices, and their professional liquor related wellbeing advancement practices. Future examinations ought to research the degree to which health professional’s own wellbeing states of mind, views and practices impact their professional liquor related practices. Substantial institutionalized measures ought to be utilized to supplement self-report information given by participants to empower examinations crosswise over investigations and the advancement of firm decisions about current patterns.

From various reviews and research, it has been communicated that the health behaviours of health care professionals must be relatively parallel to the public and while there is a chance of influence of unhealthy behaviours on the patient and practice, there is limited evidence suggesting that it has a negative impact on the delivery of care to the patient. This moves further from the theory of “practice what you preach”, as in most professional environments, personal lifestyle is to be kept aside from the workplace. Therefore, it can only be recommended to health professionals to have a healthy lifestyle, but not forced upon.
References
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