Down SyndromeWhat is down syndrome? In most human bodies there are found to be 23 pairs of chromosomes, but individuals that have down syndrome have a full or partial extra copy of chromosome 21. Down syndrome is a genetic problem that affects the baby’s mental and physical traits before the birth occurs. Down syndrome is a permanent condition but with proper care, children with this condition can grow up to be healthy individuals. There is not only one type of down syndrome but three different ones. The different kinds of down syndrome include trisomy 21, mosaic and translocation. Trisomy 21 is the most common type of down syndrome because 95% of the time down syndrome in infants are caused by having a full or partial extra copy in their 21st pair of chromosome.  What are the symptoms of down syndrome?Some symptoms of a baby with down syndrome are flat facial features, small head and ears, short neck, bulging tongues, eyes that slant upward, oddly shaped ears, and poor muscle tone. Infants with this condition are born normal sized but will have a slower growth compared to children that do not have down syndrome. Due to the mental delays the child may have disabilities such as impulsive behaviour,  short attention span, poor judgment and slow learning abilities. Some medical complications that can occur with someone that has down syndrome are loss of hearing, poor vision, leukemia, dementia, obesity and as they get older they can have alzheimer’s.What are the treatments available for down syndrome?Having a baby at an old age can increase the chance of that baby having down syndrome. Even though no one has a 100% percent answer as to why down syndrome happens and there’s no way to stop the chromosomal error that causes it, scientists do know that women that are 35 years of age or older have a significantly higher risk of having a child that has down syndrome. So to prevent having a child with down syndrome, giving birth before the age of 35 years old can limit the chances of birthing a child with this condition. There is no way for a child to be 100% cured if they are born with down syndrome.It takes a team of loving parents, and a supportive group of friends and family, and some medical resources to make a child with Down Syndrome have the fullest life possible (Canadian Down Syndrome Society). The following information is provided by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.Depending on the child, treatments for down syndrome are based on the individual’s physical and intellectual needs and their personal strengths and limits. A child with Down Syndrome will most likely receive care from a big team of health professionals. They include but do not limit to:PhysiciansSpecial EducatorsSpeech TherapistsPhysical Therapists Social Workers and Social Respite WorkersPeople with Down Syndrome are at a higher risk of numerous health problems and conditions compared to those who do not have this disorder. They require the same regular medical care as people who don’t have down syndrome, which means getting their vaccines and and well-baby visits and having reproductive counseling and cardiovascular care later on in life. There are many resources that help make life easier for people with Down Syndrome:Physical Therapy- activities that help increase muscle strength, improve posture and balance so they can do their daily activities such as school, or jobs. This also helps prevent any long term physical challenges that the person may face when they are older.Speech-language Therapy- improve communication skills and use language more effectively to communicate with their teachers, family and other people. This includes helping people with Down Syndrome use sign language or pictures until they learn how to speak. Occupational Therapy- using a person’s needs and abilities, this helps people with down syndrome find ways to adjust and complete everyday tasks and conditions. Emotional/behavioural Therapy- helps people with Down Syndrome who may be frustrated with their bottled emotions, or difficulty of communicating. A psychologist, counselor or other mental health professional can help a child or teenager with Down Syndrome or parent who has to adjust their life for the benefits of their child.Assistive Devices- any type of material, equipment, tool or technology that enhances learning or helps make daily tasks easier to complete. This includes amplification devices for hearing problems, bands for movement, special pencils to make writing easier, touchscreen computers for communication and computers with large-letter keyboards. Besides all those corporations and specialists listed above that could help with down syndrome, things such as the Down Syndrome Research Center at Stanford Medicine are looking into more therapeutic ways to help with this condition. There are also pharmaceutical companies that give out medicine catered to children with Down Syndrome. Parents that have children with Down Syndrome receive benefits and financial help from the government such as the Child Disability Benefit or the Disability Tax Benefit so it is easier for the family/parents. These places and people are in the society to help kids with this condition try to have a “normal” or easy-going childhood. Due to the amount of kids/adults that have or get Down Syndrome, there has been a lot of medication made and research done on this condition to get a better view and look on what the condition really is and how it can be treated. There is already so much information and help that is being given to families and only so much can be done for this condition. I think the society is doing the best it can to provide more support for those families. The society should just keep up with what they are doing now (providing places for therapy, corporations, pharmaceutical companies, etc.) while researchers try to find out better ways to help make people with Down Syndrome live a more comfortable lifestyle. BIBLIOGRAPHYDown Syndrome (Aftercare Instructions) – What You Need to Know. (n.d.). Retrieved January 17, 2018, from Syndrome: Causes, Types, and Symptoms. (n.d.). Retrieved January 17, 2018, from Syndrome Facts | National Down Syndrome Society. (n.d.). Retrieved January 17, 2018, from syndrome. (2017, June 27). Retrieved January 17, 2018, from Syndrome – Topic Overview. (n.d.). Retrieved January 17, 2018, from, R. M., & Henig, S. (2012, November 29). What’s the Best Age to Have a Baby? (It’s Older than you Think). Retrieved January 17, 2018, from About Down Syndrome – Resources – CDSS. (n.d.). Retrieved January 17, 2018, from update: new therapeutic target. (n.d.). Retrieved January 17, 2018, from


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