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CYP Core 3.3: Understand how to safeguard the well-being of children and young people
Outline current legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures within own UK Home Nation affecting the safeguarding of children and young people.

All individuals who work with children or have a responsibility of being in contact with a child will have a duty to safeguard and also promote welfare of all children. This means they must be able to protect and promote children’s welfare ensuring the adequate amounts of safety measures are put into place in the work place preventing and protecting children from abuse.

There are many legislations put into place in which helps with safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children they are as follows:
Children Act 1989
The United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child 1989
Children Act 2004
Children Act 1989
This act shows the importance of principals and procedures that are stated in the legislation when working alongside children and young individuals.
The Children Act 1989 is a legislation used in the United Kingdom which comes with policies and procedures that need to be used in homes. These policies and procedures are based on child protection and safeguarding children and young people in both England and Wales. Making sure children are protected and polices and procedures are put into place when working alongside children and young people. Parents, carers, guardians and professionals must ensure the safety of the child they are with.
Local authorities have a duty to protect all children and young peoples in their surroundings and work place. They insure all settings involving children and young people must be safe and secure for young individuals to access and be inside. Therefore, in any case a child has been identified from tolerating or suffering from abuse appropriate action must be taken into account as they have the duty to investigate the cause of suspense a child may appear in harm or prone to danger.
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989
In 1989 the Government brought The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989 legislation into place making sure all children have an equal opportunity with their rights in the world based on what they need to survive in the world, grow and for their own potential. This means they will not be judged based on where they come from nor their race, religion, ethnic group and background or who they are as a person. This is because the legislation ensures everyone is treated equally and has the same rights in life.
The purpose of this act is to make sure children are protected and well looked after making sure they have equal opportunities like others. The act ensures children are protected from all types of abuse such as: physical, emotional, mental, neglect, maltreatment and sexual abuse from those taking care of them.
The Children Act 2004
The Children Act 2004 is a legal framework that ensures no matter what the circumstance Every Child Matters. This legislation ensures professional services work closely with children in the United Kingdom making changes to children’s wellbeing.
The Children Act 2004 came into place when the Children Act 1989 was partially changed due to Victoria Climbie’s unfortunate case where she passed away because of her carers. The death of Victoria Climbie was questioned and over the past few years other inquiries on child death were made as other individuals could also, be criticised and may not be protected in the society. Due to this the act made sure all the services children are eligible to access work closely together ensuring they can share information whilst safeguarding children and young people. This was a duty for organisations such as the local education authority or governing body to ensure all children and young people are safe, and away from danger.

https://studymoose.com/outline-current-legislation-guidelines-policies-and-procedures-essayExplain child protection within the wider concept of safeguarding children and young people
The word ‘ Safeguarding’ is a word known to mean child protection. It is usually used with professionals and practitioners who work with children and young people. When an individual safeguards a child it means they are making sure the child has the right to achieve what they need to the best of their ability. Therefore they must be given an opportunity. They must also ensure the child is prohibited from facing any sort of abuse whether it is emotional, social, mental, physical, sexual or neglect even from those they are surrounded by on a daily basis and work with.
Safeguarding children and young people requires making sure the child is protected from harm and danger before the problem can occur. By law all organisations and settings for example, schools should always have a safeguarding policy put in place which all pupils are required to follow. This policy should also, be checked regularly and changed every now and then.
As a Teaching Assistant volunteer at St Stephens CE Primary School I am aware of the school’s policy and the actions I should take if I come across any worries and concerns about a child’s wellbeing at the school. As it is an important role that takes place on a daily basis in our day to day lifestyle which also prevents others from being at risk. An example of safeguarding children at St Stephens School is for example, I have come across a child who accidentally dropped water on their clothes and had to change as they were drenched. As a TA volunteer since the child was not of age where they could be left alone to some privacy where they can have the door shut and change their clothes. I had to encourage the child to change by themselves whilst talking to them and I also, made sure another member of staff was present with the door open.
1.3 Analyse how national and local guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding affect day to day work with children and young people
Majority of Schools in the United Kingdom have a safeguarding policy put into place just like the way the local Borough has their own set of safeguarding policies and procedures when it comes to safeguarding children.
The Local Safeguarding Children Boards (LSCB) is a legal body which is responsible for making sure any agency or organisation that is in contact with children in the Borough supports welfare and safety of young people in the local area. They ensure all children are protected and are treated in an effective manner in the terms of safeguarding children.
The legal body (LSCB) is part of the Every Child Matters policy in which states each and every child should have a right to do the following:
Achieve in life to their full potential
Be safe
Be able to survive, grow and remain healthy,
Have equal rights to life like others
Make a contribution
Have a economic well – being
The Local Safeguarding Children’s Board also works with agencies raising awareness by helping them produce the policies and procedures of safeguarding and also help promote the safety and welfare of young people and children in the Borough. They also make sure professionals, practioners and managers in the Borough are monitored on their knowledge about what is expected and what the requirements for the safeguarding policy and procedures are. If there is lack of understanding the (LSCB) assists with giving practioners and managers training about a children’s workforce and what is expected of them to protect young peoples.

Every Borough has their own allocated safeguarding management team in which helps protect young people from abuse. The safeguarding team are the ones responsible for giving good practice and information on how to make sure the welfare and safety of young people.

St Stephens CE Primary School has a safeguarding policy which is in line with the values of the Children Act 1989 and also 2004. They are the policies and procedures I follow when working in the school setting.

When working in any school child protection is an important role. Professionals such as teaching assistants, nursery assistance, volunteers or people from agencies are required to have taken a CRB check (Criminals Record Bureau). People who are working with children on a daily basis may also have the adequate amount of training on how to safeguard children this training is usually given every 3 years by a professional safeguarding adviser who will tell them about all the possible signs of abuse.
A good relationship and cooperation when working with other professionals and children is vital when making sure child protection is working and there are no complaints from others or children about child protection situations. This is because if there was a concern about a child the information must always be recorded based on what was said especially in the words of the child if they have disclosed the information.

The information must always be kept as confidential and may also be reported to a safeguarding officer who should also keep the information disclosed as confidential. The only time others will find out about the information based on a child’s concern is if the safeguarding officer discloses the information to them. This is if it is vital other members of staff need to be aware of the child’s concern.
Staff must always remember and be aware they can share the information with other agencies as they have a responsibility to protect the child from harm. If a child insists they would prefer the information disclosed to remain a secret between themselves and the staff member. The staff member may then explain to the child they have a right to pass on information to agencies who can help the child and also keep others safeguarded and away from harm.
1.4 Explain when and why inquiries and serious case reviews are required and how the sharing of findings informs practice
The Local Safeguarding Children’s Board (LSCB) are the ones who look into serious cases such as a child who passed away due to being abused badly. In this case the LSCB will review the case as it is serious someone passed away they will gather as much information as they can to find out how the incident occurred , how it happened, what triggered it, why was nothing done about it, who is involved and why was nothing taken into consideration.
When the LSCB are reviewing a serious case that can involve death many practioners and organisations are questioned they automatically get involved. People such as the GP, Social services, Educational setting whether it is Nursery, School, College or University get involved and police. Several people working in the place where the individual studied will be asked questions such as have they witnessed any changes in behaviour with the child? Or have they noticed any cuts or bruises on the child?
When all the different practioners and people are questioned notes are gathered and are then transferred into a report on how the incident happened information about the time span , signs and changes seen of the individual are also taken into consideration. Based on the information reported and given a decision on what will happen will be made by the LSCB. The appropriate action will take place and the LSCB will also consider making changes so that the incident does not re-occur again insuring other children and young people are protected.

If a child dies because of abuse Ofsted must always be informed of the incident they must always be aware of what has happened and how the situation was dealt with as they will question if the child belonged to a setting why did no one recognise or notice any changes to the child . Why did no one notice the child was being abused. If no one noticed these things Ofsted will make it clear the setting failed to follow the policy and procedures of the expectations of the school. It is vital Ofsted are aware of the situation as every setting has a responsibility of welfare and safeguarding children protecting them from harm. They will want to know why people who work in the setting did not communicate with others why no information was shared letting others know what is seen and happening to the child. Which means all the practioners and people involved in the case did not put the child first nor did they think of the consequences nor did they assess the situation properly.
In the past there has been a case where a child has died due to being abused and actions were considered and put into place helping protect other young people and children to prevent the incident from reoccurring.
Victoria Climbe born on 2nd November 1991 was a victim of abuse she was unfortunately abused by her aunt whom authorities thought was her mother when she brought her to the UK in 1999. She suffered around 128 injuries from being beaten with sharp instruments. No practioner took notice to help her nor did any of the specialist who was meant to deal with her case help instead she would change the appointment dates to later ones. When Victoria climbe’s post mortem took place it was found she died of hypothermia. The aunt was later arrested in 2000. Whilst all the agencies linked to Victoria were looked into and were found to be lacking in their organisations drastically. In response to Victoria’s case a review on the child protection plan had to be taken into consideration and major changes were made.
When dealing with children and young people practioners must always be careful and must always look out for changes in children within that setting. They must also be able to follow the correct methods when it comes to safeguarding children and the policies and procedures of safeguarding.
In a case where information is disclosed to a practioner or staff member. They must be very careful when gathering information that is disclosed to them they must also write the time and date the information was given to them and may then give the information to a safeguarding adviser or management who can then contact other agencies suitable based on the situation.

1.5 Explain how the processes used by own setting or service comply with legislation that covers data protection, information handling and sharing
2.1 Explain the importance of safeguarding children and young people
Everyone would like to feel safe whether it is at home, school or outside . However it is not always the case some children are not safe due to their circumstances. Some may also be vulnerable then other people. However adults have a duty of responsibility to protect young people and children from harm.
All agencies such as health, educational, housing, social services have a priority to safeguard children they must be able to prevent children and young people from facing any types of harm and danger. They should be able to promote people’s welfare by giving them a sense of protection, the right support and meeting their needs. They must also be able to promote awareness so that people are protected from danger.

The role of agencies when safeguarding young people
Health services for example, A;E , Hospitals, NHS walk – in centres, General practitioners, and Ambulance trusts should all have a doctor and a main nurse who help with safeguarding children.
If a parent is struggling to respond to their child’s developmental needs safeguarding of that child will be first priority in assessments. NHS staff who work with social services will do an assessment based on the child’s needs and the capacity of the parents.

If there are any concerns based on a child’s welfare social services will need to assess the child’s needs and make a decision on what needs to be done to promote the child’s welfare and safeguard them.
When children are found homeless since they were dependent and no longer live with their families it is local housing association’s duty to provide the person with accommodation. However, if families intentionally make themselves become homeless then social services will be informed and if there are any children they would be priority which means social services would support them.
Schools and Education Authorities
Schools and Education authorities not only safeguard children and protect them from danger and harm. They give talks about drugs and substance misuse and safety at school. They also, ensure children are not bullied they take care of everyone’s health and safety and they ensure issues regarding a medical condition are also considered for example, first aid treatment.
Usually in many schools and education authorities a member who is part of the leadership team is allocated to safeguard and promote the welfare of young individuals and children.
Services that help young people and children who have been in danger
General Practioners, NHS, Social Services and local Councils are services which have a responsibility to help people who have been harmed or face danger. They are able to support the child or person by providing them with information that would benefit them. These services can help the families who the child or person being harmed belongs to.
If a child or young person faces torture, being physically, emotionally or socially abused and neglected they can access services around them which can help their well-being. This is because going through such harms can affect their health and well – being drastically which could lead to adulthood too.
There are many changes to the health and well-being of an individual who faces abuse they are:
Depression
Causing self harm
Drugs and substance misuse
Weight loss
Eating disorders
Anxiety
Services that young people and children can access such as the GP, NHS, Social Services and Local Councils who help with safeguarding and promoting individuals welfare must always be monitored regularly. This is to ensure individuals are protected from harm and abuse. In a case where a child comes to talk about being harmed or abuse they must be able to provide and support the individual with the right information. Therefore, it is important and vital such services know what to do in such cases especially when they have to record and do regular checks on the health and wellbeing of a child or young person who has been abused and may have to be referred to social services who can be informed if necessary.

2.2 Explain the importance of a child or a young person – centred approach
The importance of a child or a young person – centred approach is to encourage a child by taking a look into the individual needs of that specific child whilst safeguarding and promoting their welfare. For example, in St Stephens school there are many children who require different needs and support they are assessed on their own so that they can be given the adequate amount of attention and support so that they achieve their goals.

Some children in the school are given a personal IEP plan which is a individual education plan used with children to check for their progress and achievements within a certain time frame. The IEP plan is a great source of information for teachers and children to see if the child has achieved their aims at the end of the time frame. If the child has not reached their goal adjustments like giving the child additional support may be considered. importance of a person centred and inclusive approach is that your looking at the individual child and the needs of that child. My setting works with many outside agencies in order that the individual child has all they need in place to be included in all aspects of the school day. We have several children within our school who have different needs and they are assessed individually so they can be given the correct resources or 1:1 support in order for them to achieve their own individual goals. Some children will have an individual education plan (IEP) which will set out what they aim to achieve within a set time frame with support other children may need the school grounds to be adapted we have adapted our school in order for the child to gain access around the school ground so things like ramps in place and hygiene suites. Some children will require specialist equipment to help with their education and development anything from large keyboards to hoists. Its all about the needs of the individual child, some children may need the activity adapted to enable them to take part. hope it gives you some ideas x
2.3 Explain what is meant by partnership working in the context of safeguarding
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