Breast cancer can be defined as a woman or a man suffering from benign and malignant tumors either in one or two breasts of the patient. It is the second leading cause of cancer death in women aged 35-65 in the United States. “Breast cancer is a life-threatening disease, especially if the stage of the disease is already on its terminal stage without being screened” (Siu, 2016). In order to prevent breast cancer in both men and women, patients need to be aware of the causes and risk factors, symptoms, and treatments of breast cancer.
When a woman goes through puberty, her breasts begin to enlarge because of fat, connective tissue, lobules, and tiny glands that help produce milk when breast-feeding their children. There are several risk factors to breast cancer including: radiation exposure, hormone treatments, alcohol consumption, estrogen exposure, and breast-feeding. In addition, “heredity and age are both an inevitable scenario, impacting the risk of developing similar health care situation to the next generation kin of the patients” (Biswas, Oh, Faulkner, Bajaj, Silver, Mitchel & Alter, 2015). Even though the patient’s mother did not develop breast cancer, the patient’s grandmother could’ve developed it, possibly transferring the gene to the patient. In the end, there are numerous was to prevent breast cancer, but self-assessing yourself monthly could prevent a patient from dying.
Several breast cancer symptoms are not visible to patients at their own home. Patients are encouraged to get monthly check-ups in order to prevent the tumor from spreading to other parts of the body. However, there are certain symptoms that can be related to breast cancer such as, lumps or tenderness of the breast, swelling or shrinkage of the breast, and any clear or bloody discharges from the breast. Although some patients choose to ignore certain symptoms that can lead to breast cancer it can just make the situation worse as time passes by. “If left untreated, palliative care is the only applicable treatment applied to the patient” (Moyer, 2013). Once a patient reaches the final stages of breast cancer, it is difficult to keep the patient alive because of possible spreading of the tumor.
There are several ways to remove tumors from a patient’s body however, the more time that passes by the harder it is to save the patient. Breast cancer has many treatments that doctors use to help patients including, surgery, radiation therapy, targeted drug therapy, hormone therapy, and chemotherapy. Although there are several treatments it all depends on the stage of the cancer, sensitivity to hormones, and the patient’s age and overall health. “Radiation or chemotherapy is the most common treatment applied to the patient along with the medication regimen as well as screening procedures” (Gotzsche ; Jorgensen, 2013). However, treatments are successful if the breast cancer is caught in its early stages.
As the aforementioned, patients need to be aware of the causes and risk factors, symptoms, and treatments of breast cancer if they to prevent themselves from dying. Breast cancer is a life-threatening disease and can happen to anyone when the person least expects it. Therefore, each person should have a healthy lifestyle, self-asses themselves monthly, and most importantly be aware of the changes in their body.