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Annotated Bibliography
Patricia Patillo
July 16, 2018
PSY 210 DW2

Association of sleep patterns with psychological positive health and health complaints in children and adolescents. Quality Of Life Research, 24(4), 885-895.

First article focused on the links between sleep patterns and psychological positive health and health complaints in children and adolescents. The study gave a good overall view of sleep patterns and randomly selected two-phase sample of healthy Caucasian children. First group was ages 6–11.9 years consisting of 380 participants. The second group was 304 adolescents ages 12–17.9 years participated in the study. Participants were assessed using the Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) questionnaire. The main purpose of the study was to focuses on the importance of sleep for adolescents’ general health and showed sleep plays a serious role in development. Adolescents lacking rest and insufficient sleep span are identified with higher BMI (body mass index) and abdomen circumference, demonstrating a higher danger of poor health. General health concerns with obesity, cardiovascular risks, both psychological and social well-being are affected by sleep. Another marker in adolescents sleep research is the build of health complaints. These are various conditions portrayed by the determined physical side effects that can’t be clarified by medical sickness. Stomach issues, headaches, faintness, queasiness, and loss of hunger are a few of the symptoms that are the cause for adolescents to miss school. The investigative facts appeared that health complaints correlated with less or poor sleep. In conclusion sleeping patterns play a major role in academic performance and health of adolescents. There was links between less sleep and increase of health complaints and as well as decrease in health, academics and overall quality of life with less sleep or poor quality of sleep. The juncture of these discoveries recommends that enhancing both rest term and quality could prompt a change in mental positive wellbeing and reduction in health complaints in adolescents. Well rested adolescent are less likely to miss school. Missing too much school can have a huge impact on adolescence academics and socialization with school peers.

Perceptions of sleep duration, patterns and emotional and behavioral difficulties: a study of Greek adolescents. British Journal of Special Education, 44(1), 65-94.

This study showed the association between sleep linked to emotional and behavioral difficulties in adolescents. It examined adolescent students’ perceptions of sleep duration and patterns, and the way they relate to emotional and behavioral difficulties. Adolescents in elementary 6th grade (age 12) and high school children (ages 15 to 18) participated in study. Five hundred and two students from public schools completed the Sleep Questionnaire and a Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Teachers voluntarily conducted Wisconsin children’s sleep habits questionnaire and it took place in class. The study revealed that there is a strong association between emotional and behavioral difficulties and sleep. Sleep influences adolescents’ disposition as well as emotional health too. Poor sleep patterns and absence of sleep is related to educational, emotional, and behavioral concerns. The study revealed that male adolescents with low sleep quality contributed to aggressive and behavioral difficulties. Adolescent girls with lower sleep duration contributed to an increase in anxiety and depressive behavior. Long-lasting lack of sleep may also affect academic achievements more in adolescent girls. Sleep deficiency is associated with deficits in cognitive functioning, poor educational performance and weakened social capability. Sleep problems with duration and patterns in adolescence have been identified as a worldwide public health concern. Lack of sleep can make adolescents be more irritable and less productive. Overall sleep can not only affect mood but behavior as well.

School Start Time and Adolescent Sleep Patterns: Results from the US National Comorbidity Survey–Adolescent Supplement. American Journal of Public Health, 105(7), 1351-1357.

This study concentrated on adolescent sleep patterns and school start times. The study used a cross-sectional survey and used information that was conducted from 2001 to 2004. The samples of adolescents were aged from 13 to 17 years old. All adolescents that participated in study were in the United States. A total of 9244 students participated in study; with an overall student response rate of 74.7% this showed a large overall observation on the matter. Facts shown were by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the National Sleep Foundation. Several studies have shown and recommend that adolescents should sleep 8-9 hours per night. Studies and research has additionally indicated the forthcoming connection between adolescent sleep and unfavorable health circumstances amid adulthood. There was a link between sleepiness due to social pressure of school, school work, and school activities. During the week of school adolescents face increased demands with activities leaving them with less time for sleep. The American Academy of Pediatrics prescribed that most schools in the United States begin at 8:30 or later because of studies have discovered more alluring results and rest designs among teenagers going to class with later begin times. Inadequate sleep among adolescents has been linked to a number of damaging outcomes related to physical health, mental health, and academics. Later school start times showed benefits to mood, school attendance, and academic achievement.

Summary:
The overall topic of these three articles was the effects of sleep on adolescents and how it affected human growth and development. Rest assumes a basic part in children and adolescents improvement. The first article focused on the sleep patterns in adolescents and psychological positive health and health complaints. The study features the connection between rest qualities and mental positive wellbeing and health complaints in youths. It showed how sleep patterns and health complaints frequently can become long-lasting and lead to the expansion of somatization disorder later in life. The second article focused on the Perceptions of sleep duration, patterns and emotional and behavioral difficulties and showed how it affected adolescent girls and boys. Findings were that Male adolescents with sleep issues could become aggressive and have behavioral difficulties. Adolescent girls have an increased risk of having anxiety and depressive behavior.Sleep problems with duration and patterns in adolescence have been identified as a worldwide public health concern. The third article focused on School Start Time and Adolescent Sleep Patterns. During the week of school adolescents face increased demands with activities leaving them with less time for sleep. This article gave a solution to possibly help with adolescent sleep patterns by having a later school start time. It suggested it would help adolescents with the delayed wake up times and later start time of school. During adolescence; sleep plays a critical part in health and overall quality of life. Total sleep time possesses about 33 percent of a human life. Therefore, children may start to exhibit different problems in school or their health when sleep is altered. When adolescents do not receive sufficient amounts of sleep time or quality amounts of sleep it can hinder their development and cause issues later in life. Some problems of lacking quality and duration of sleep among adolescents can include: academic problems, emotional instability, behavioral issues, diminished social skills, and a sense of confusion for children and adolescents. However, all articles suggested adolescents need more sleep and it is recommended at least 8 hours every night. Parents can help adolescents and children with setting routine bedtimes to insure adequate amounts of sleep. The articles showed several issues adolescents may face such as mood, behavioral issues, health issues and academic issues when they lack poor rest and inadequate amounts quality sleep.

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