According to Cohen, Swerdlik & Sturman (2018), the instrument norm is created for a group of test takers to use as a reference to evaluate, interpret, and for context placing of a person’s test scores (Cohen, Swerdlik ; Sturman, 2018). This document will study ‘norm-referencing’ to examine cognitive capability in scoring comparisons followed by measuring participants performance and its influence on their test anxiety. An example, measurements may contain low test preparedness, freezing during test, and self-defeating heightened confidence. Also, if previous reliability measurements are accessible, they would give you verified practices to compare information with similar construct formats. A measurement tool for reliability is ‘situation-specific’ which would focus on emotional and cognitive measurements facts of test anxiety; (Cohen, Swerdlik ; Sturman, 2018). This would emphasize study habits, skillsets, test perceptions, emotional factors and possibly, cognitive scale measurements for consistency over time (Cohen, Swerdlik ; Sturman, 2018).


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