Abraham Lincoln’s second inaugural address uses different kinds of rhetorical strategies to unite a broken nation. During the time of his speech and his speaking about what’s going, it was four years into the civil war and it was about to end. Lincoln uses allusion, parallel structure so he could unify the north and south.
With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation’s wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and his orphan, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations.’ In the delivery of Lincoln’s ‘Second Inaugural,’ many were inspired by this uplifting and keen speech. It had been a long war, and Lincoln was concerned about the destruction that had taken place. Worn-out from seeing families torn apart and friendships eradicated, he interpreted his inaugural address. It was March of 1865, and the war, he believed, must come to an end.
Lincoln showed his care for his people and country on his second inaugural speech, just like any man who was worrying about his children and family. Having been struggling for four years’ in war, his people, no matter the North and the South, were urging “a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations” Lincoln’s Second Inaugural address let people feel they are in unity and let them see the hope and future through his strong persuasive appeals. Lincoln opens the address to claim that “All dreaded it, all sought to avert it” to express the common wishes of both sides. Instead of using the south and the North, Lincoln always uses “all” to connect his people together. After explaining the causes of the war, Lincoln uses lots of pathos and ethos in the form of parallel sentences and religious allusion to bring his people to the same direction. He emphasized the common wishes of both sides of the war using lots of neither, both, and each in these sentences to express his balanced view on his people and justice attitude toward the war: This pathos describes how Lincoln would care for his people and how he would put the task of helping the people suffering from the war first, serving as a strong pathos since it is not only emotionally affecting his people, but also encouraging and giving them hope. The war destroyed millions of families. Lincoln in the first place gave his attention on healing the people and their families, instead of describing how beautiful the future would be and giving unrealistic assumptions