“A Doll’s House” by the author
Henrik Ibsen it is about the position and role of the women in the society and
in the family in the past years and, also how all the stereotypes have change
during the time. The woman from the beginning of the humanity has had to cross
a road full of obstacles to manage her condition of mother and to have the
possibility of participating in the society. Her physical aspect, smaller than
that of man, kept her away from activities that demanded physical effort, tasks
reserved for men, which naturally have a more robust structure.
instance, in the Middle east, things became stricter and more definitive for
the history of women in history. The world was consolidated as a whole in which
men were the center, the only ones who had the possibility of knowing and
understanding the truth revealed by God. In this way the knowledge was
centralized in the religious and some lay people who had the privilege of being
there. Knowledge then became a powerful weapon in which, combined with the
Church, left the woman relegated to be wife and mother (Mary Mikahel, 2012) . When
Henrik Ibsen wrote this play in the 1900’s Century, the marriage as an institution was holy and untouchable; women had to stay
with their husbands, knowing her role, her responsibilities and understand that
they have to serve her husband in any time.
The function of women or individual in the past and in the present in the society
is related how culture provided an pre-image of how an indivual have to respond
or act in determine place or moment (Lynne Masel Walters and Timothy
N, 2005). Mentioned this, we can
relate the function of the women in marriage with Nora’s marriage as product restricted
only for the pleasures and needs of the man. Women was normally physically,
emotionally and psychologically abuse and treated in a very unfair way. Mexican culture had or even still have the
tendency of being “machista”, we can understand the term of machista as: “A strong or exaggerated sense of traditional masculinity placing great value on physical courage, virility, domination of women, and aggressiveness”.
There is said in Spanish it goes like that: “The women
only serve to have it loaded and hung”. Putting in context this said for the “machista”
perspective, women only serve to have child or be pregnant and be use as an
ornament. Probably Torvald do not
treated Nora in this exagarate way but, he treated her in a way that do not
corresponded as wife or an adult woman.
marriage life of Nora in “A Doll’s House” had only one role and it was not of
being a wife, a supporter or a helper, it was a to be little doll, a Torvald’s
little doll (Act 1-1,2). Nora as a wife
probably understand the role of Torvald in the marriage and treats him as a man
of the house, as the leader and as the provider. But also she sees him as that
kind of man who have the authority to do whatever he wants does not matter how
she feels, what she wants or what she needs, only thinking on him and his
Nora at the beginning of the play she did not do nothing to change this because
the society played an important role for her actions and decisions. Culture and
society did not give much freedom to make decisions or speak for herself.
The society in the past destroyed the image of the
women and make this as normal fact in any culture. Women dignity it is not in
the richness, or in the physical aspect or even in the professional success, we
can describe that “the dignity of the human person is rooted in his own being”,
culture or society could say many different things about the value of women,
but each women have to confront and face any paradigm to destroy it and change
it (Hendrik Hartog, 2016). In part of
the play Torvald calls Nora by nicknames as “my little wastrel” or “my little
lark” and he forced Nora to dance for him. Nora does not say nothing or deny
about this even when she felt as an insult this request, but as culture fact
Nora had to listen her no matter what his dignity was trampled.
against women, and in particular that which occurs in the family environment,
has traditionally been viewed as a problem of a private nature conditioning or
limiting political action, public debate and even judicial proceedings. It is
true that the reality of women is different depending on the geographical
location in which it is located. The great variety of countries that make up
the planet causes us to find multiple models applicable to the situation in
which a certain woman finds herself. Each country regulates the gender issue in
a different way, in such a way that women are integrated or separated from
society to a greater or lesser extent and depending on the socio-cultural
structure of each society. Generally, there is usually a co-responsibility
between a better situation of women in developed countries in the face of a
situation of greater discrimination in developing countries. The role of women
in each of the societies depends on many factors that condition their lives,
such as culture, traditions and religion.
The role of women has been change, from the
beginning of the construction of society, to the strictly family sphere.
Progressively, women will assume other roles in the public sphere after the
demands made to achieve progress in the gains that the other gender, men, were
acquiring according to the evolution of the world (Lynne Masel Walters and Timothy N). Women from developed countries have been
incorporated into the development of their countries as a result of a search
and a constant desire to obtain equality with men, while maintaining respect
for diversity. The woman has been aware that her incorporation into society cannot
be carried out through a displacement policy that would have resulted in a
frontal rejection of her positions (Catherine I. Bolzedahl and Daniel J. Myers,20014).
illustration in the play where the women role is denigrated in a certain way
was when Nora has to obtain a loan to save her husband’s life (Act 2-20,21).
This demonstrates that a women’s conjugal part in “A Doll’s House” is
less prevailing than the man’s part, and also Torvald probably make do Nora
things or resolve problems that he had to resolve.
this ideals and problems probably represent a woman with the desire of being a
this act by Nora to save her husband also we can see it as a criminal act
forging the papers, she not knowing the way of this is the real meaning of the act
which is just a wrong doing since she is a lady. Other feedback has
concentrated on her adolescence and silly coyness – not recognizing that she is
apparently assuming a part that Torvald needs her to play, that she is adjusting
to the generalization of wifely conduct that Torvald expects and needs from her
(Saman Salah-Nasfer Adbul, 40).
Robert A. Pollak (1994) argues that the
definition of power comes from psychology and political sciences. We can understand
the roles in the marriage in many cases are decided by the society. The
political aspect in the women role have a debate of the women’s rights. At the
time of the play opportunities for middle-class women were very limited, being
largely limited to low–paid clerical work. Ibsen concerns about the position of women in
society are brought to life in A Doll’s House. He believed that women had a
right to develop their own individuality, but in reality, their role was often
self-sacrifical. Women were not treated as equals with men, either in relation
to their husbands or society, as is clear from Torvald’s horror of his
employees thinking he has been influenced in a decision about Krogstad’s job by
his wife. Women could not conduct business or control their own money, for
which they needed the authorization of the man who ‘owned’ them husband,
brother or father. The feminism for the society in the 19th century was
seen without importance and really capable for only little girly things or even
the women pubic activities had been largely ignored (Claire Goldberg Moses,
2012). However now in the days the whole feminist things have change in a
positive way for them (Catherine I. Bolzedahl and Daniel J. Myers,20014).
The ways of seeking (and finding) the place of women in today’s society changed. Because it changed the woman’s place. The society, culture and countries are very far from those feminists of the 70 who fought for gender equality, demanding the possibility of accessing places that were forbidden for the female gender (Catherine I. Bolzedahl and Daniel J. Myers,20014). No doubt women are conquering new weapons and gaining different positions in different areas since the cultural to political. Feminism was renewed and still stands, because although they are no longer prohibit certain things, that does not mean that today they have live in a world devoid of inequalities between women and men, or that there are no more conflicts to be resolved. Although the new generations of feminists are far away from those suffragettes of the early twentieth century, today, like those and to continue their legacy , they continue to come together to debate, to raise awareness, to reflect, to demand policies, to claim rights and to improve the living conditions of women, demanding transformative actions and challenging the whole society (Catherine I. Bolzedahl and Daniel J. Myers,20014). As we have mentioned, in ancient time the woman was, throughout her life, the property of a man, her father or both. When the same father gave his hand in marriage, achieving that the females depended totally on the males to be able to survive. The female sex only had obligations in the home imposed by the corresponding husband. It can be said that being a woman at that time meant being an object of satisfaction for men, which, over time, has been changed. We are aware of the spaces gained in all areas, whether political, social, labor, cultural, religious, and despite the many obstacles and barriers imposed by society clearly dominated by men, women have shown equal status and operation, which is given to them by their quality of being human, which has nothing to do with being a man, of being a woman (Robert A. Pollak, 1994). It could not be affirmed that the woman assumes a single role, since current women are considered totally multifunctional; In addition to the work of mother and wife, as is the case of thousands of women around the world, they act as heads of household and supporters of a family with the fruits of their own work. It is scientifically proven that women use more brain to store and reason information, while the brain space of man for the same purposes is only half (Balazs Szalkai, 2015). In a Way Ibsen Feminist movement in the play tries to make us understand how the women live in a society where they have everything against, and how they with work and union could overcome all this.