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A disease which occurs due to abnormal increase in body’s glucose level (sugar level) caused by the loss of body’s ability to secrete or respond to insulin
Hormone that controls the body glucose level
Figure 1: Risk of suffering from Diabetes Mellitus

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Little or no insulin production
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
No response to insulin
Type 2 Diabetes is explained since it is the most common form of diabetes
The flow chart below shows how type 2 diabetes occurs:
Low physical activity and high intake of fatty food
Obesity
Less insulin secreted compared to glucose intake
Cells stop responding to insulin
Type 2 Diabetes
Always thirsty
Always hungry
Frequent urination
Slow wound healing

Weight loss

Figure 2: Signs and symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus3
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
High blood pressure
High cholesterol level
Overweight

There are two types of complications:
Microvascular
Diseases of small blood vessels
Eye damage
Kidney damage
Nerve damage

Macrovascular
Diseases of large blood vessels
Risk of stroke
Risk of heart attack
Poor blood flow to body part

Figure 3: Long term complications of Diabetes Mellitus

Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented
Only Type 2 diabetes can be prevented

Have a balanced diet
Eat more fruits and vegetables
Reduce eating oily food

Exercise regularly
Try to exercise for at least 30 minutes a day

Manage your weight
Maintain your weight in the healthy range
If you are overweight, attempt to reduce weight by improving your lifestyle
Figure 4: Diabetes Mellitus is preventable

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