A botanical garden is a landscaped place intended for the presentation of species and plant varieties. All the species presented are cultivated and studied to satisfy several objectives:
1) creation and preservation in artificial conditions of collections of living plants (especially rare and endangered species) and other botanical objects having great scientific, educational, economic and cultural significance;
2) preservation, study and enrichment of the gene pool of plants of the natural and cultural flora through the creation, preservation and development of botanical collections;
3) implementation of educational, educational and innovation activities
These objectives should not neglect the simple pleasure of walking and discovery. The botanical garden is aimed at a wide audience: nature lovers, city dwellers, schoolchildren through educational programs, horticulture professionals, garden and gardening enthusiasts, tourists, biology and science students , animators, educators, trainers, researchers in botany …
The race of the sun
Symbolizing a clock by its shape, the primary circuit of the garden evokes the trajectory of the sun rising in the Far East to lie on the American continent. The structure of the garden and the plants presented are an evocation of the mountains of the globe that extend from Japan to the Rockies and the Andes through the southern mountains, the Caucasus, the Alps and of course the Pyrenees, our heritage
One of the most important roles of botanical gardens for conservation is certainly environmental education . Each year, more than 150 million people visit the gardens of the world and thus have the opportunity to get in touch with nature. Botanical gardens are a unique environment to raise awareness and the importance of biodiversity to the general public, to help them become aware of current threats and to realize that nature conservation is deal with each of us
The second obvious role of botanic gardens for the conservation of biodiversity is ex situ conservation. Ex situ conservation, that is, the cultivation of wild plants out of their environment, has several advantages, Botanical gardens are the ideal place to practice ex situ conservation because of their proper facilities and competent staff in botany and horticulture. Ex situ conservation includes, of course, greenhouse or garden plant cultivation, but it also includes the maintenance of seed, pollen samples and cell and tissue cultures in vitro
One of the main objectives of a botanical garden for conservation may be to work on the conservation of its local flora . Actions in this direction range from scientific research to collaboration with municipalities and local organizations for the conservation or restoration of habitats. This collaboration of gardens with other organizations plays an important role in the implementation of national or regional conservation plans.
Achieving these goals requires first and foremost knowledge of biodiversity. Botanical gardens have since their inception been involved in documentation of wild and horticultural plants from around the world. Today, this role is increasingly broadened to include research into not only the plant species but also the ecosystems in which they live.