“Complaint of a Lowell Factory Worker”, were mostly young unmarried
women, who suffered in factories and had terrible working conditions. The woman
in the document persuaded her audience by providing 3 examples of poor
treatment and inequality between white men and women. First, listed in the
document when the women compared their working conditions and treatment to
slaves working in the factory. Second, the women working in the factories also
questioned the true nature of Christian factory owners, who hardly ever gave the
women time to practice their religion. Lastly, the woman in the complaint
resulted in formed groups and strikes to try to improve their working
conditions to establish they were going to continue this way.

young woman workers often compared themselves to the document it stated
that, “where no colored slave can breathe the balmy air, and exist as such; but
there are those, a host of them, too, who are in fact nothing more nor less
than slaves in every sense of word, (Foner, P.167)”. In the document the woman
described that the women were basically slaves to a working factory of labor which
has them working from 5oclock to 7oclock, with maybe a break to get a sight of the
outside. It’s clear to see that the writer’s feelings towards the factory
system is negative because, they are treating the workers as if they were lower
than low. They give them short amount of time to eat, and their work hours
leave them maybe two hours to themselves. Both factory workers and slaves were
treated poorly. Meals were very light, and they were forced to work in
unsanitary places. These conditions that both had to endure were poorly
heated/ventilated buildings. Although being a slave or factory worker was
horrible, factory workers weren’t treated as bad. A lot of factory workers went
on strike, although most of the time they lost. That right was not given to
slaves, if a slave disobeyed, they were automatically beaten. For the most
part, factory workers did have a lot of things that slaves did not. Factory
workers were heard in government, but slaves weren’t considered people and
couldn’t take a white man to court. Factory workers were given the right to
form labor unions if their methods were “honorable and peaceful.” Although
factory workers at the time were treated very poorly and went through some
tough times. Factory workers weren’t forced to work there whereas slaves were
bought/traded and forced to work on plantations. Slaves endured a lot and these
harsh conditions went on for a while.

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Since many factories owning business men, and known
as the bosses that were of the young woman, were Christians nearly all the
woman doubted the sincerity of the Christian beliefs of the factory owners. The woman in the complaint doubted
the integrity of the white man who called themselves Christians. They fought
for better hours, longer lunch break, higher wage, and better working
conditions. The women are strong with what she believes, and she will not let
it go without notice until these conditions are met. The woman doubted the
white man’s Christian beliefs of the factory owner due to reason that the woman
had horrible working conditions in the factory.

            The complaint listed harsh
working conditions, long hours and boredom as the major problems in the working
conditions, long hours, and horrible punishment, and they had to cope with sex
discrimination. Before the industrial revolution, women did not work. They were
supposed to be housewives that took care of the children at the house. Even
though women now had the opportunity to work and receive pay for their labor,
they still suffered from the lingering stereotype that all women should not
work. The primary awards for working in such harsh conditions is the fact that
the money comes promptly, and they have the satisfaction of making their own income.
Although the conditions are tough it also gives women a chance to interact with
other women and converse with other people. Last it gives them a sense
of freedom until work commences again. 


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