2.1 DO?RUDAN YOL VERME YÖNTEM?
Yol verme yöntemlerinin içinde en kolay olan yöntemdir. Asenkron motorlar ilk kalk?nma an?nda fazla ak?m çeker. K?sa süreli çekilen bu fazla ak?mlar küçük motorlara fazla etki etmez ama büyük güçlü motorlara zarar verebilir. Bu olu?acak olan zarar? engellemek için kullan?lan yol verme yöntemlerinden biri ise do?rudan yol verme yöntemidir. Bu yol verme yönteminde asenkron motor kapal? iken stator sarg?lar? tek bir anahtarlama ile ?ebekeye ba?lan?r. Motorlara yol verme i?leminde paket, kollu tip ?alterler veya kontaktör kombinasyonu ile olu?turulan manyetik ?alterler kullan?l?r.

Do?rudan yol vermenin riskleri;
Direk yol vermede motorun çekti?i ak?m nominal ak?mdan 5-7 kat daha fazlad?r. Büyük çapl? motorlarda bu 7 kat büyüklükteki çekilen ak?m motor ba?lant?, beslemelerini ve koruma hatlar?n? eskitir. Hatta bu malzemelerin tamamen tahrip olmas?n? sa?lar. Bu zarar?n önüne geçmek için büyük motorlarda ba?ka yol verme teknikleri kullan?l?r.

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?ekil Do?rudan yol verme örne?i
Kaynak; www.moeller.es/descarga.php?file=public/142/MSC.DS…

http://www.elektrikport.com/teknik-kutuphane/asenkron-motorlara-yol-verme-yontemleri/16471#ad-image-0 ?ekil bu siteden
http://www.elektrikrehberiniz.com/elektrik-motorlari/asenkron-motorlara-yol-verme-yontemleri-285/

2.5.3. Exploitation
Research Conducted by Play Therapy Africa Ltd (2011), state exploitation in the following way:
“The main purpose of recruiting and transporting victims in this case, is to exploit them by engaging them, for instance, into prostitution, domestic servitude, forced labour, and, in some instances for body organs removal. In most cases, the main purpose is thus to profit from the exploitation of labour. The notion of exploitation of labour allows a link to establish between the Palermo Protocol and the ILO Convention No. 29 on Forced Labour. Article two, paragraph 1 of the latter Convention defines ‘forced or compulsory labour’ as “all work or service, which is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty and for which they said person has not offered himself voluntarily”.
They furthermore they added that, most employers feel they own the migrant workers because they paid for the recruitment and any other related fees, just as if they own any other property they have paid for. The lack of social and legal protection in the destination countries gives traffickers and employers power over trafficked victims. This power exercised through physical, emotional and sexual abuse and threat (International Labour Organization, 2011)

2.0 INTRODUCTION
Many previous studies have been conducted by different researchers relating to inventory management in relation to company performance. In this section, various literatures will be reviewed with the aim of getting a clear and deeper understanding of the research topic. The aim of the section will be to see the various aspect of the business that can be affected in the case where inventory management is left unattended to. The section will as address the various measurement of inventory management that can have an influence on company performance as brought out by several studies.
2.1 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK and CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
According to Halachmi and Bouckart (2005) “the aim of inventory management is to maintain the quantities of stock held by a business at a level which optimizes some management criteria such as minimizing the costs incurred by the whole business enterprise for improved performance”.
Performance is a measure of the results achieved. Performance efficiency is the ratio between effort extended and results achieved, according to Malcolm, S. (2005). Performance can be measured by obtaining the magnitude of a quantity, such as length or mass, relative to a unit of measurement, such as a meter or a kilogram. Inventory management challenges can interfere with a company’s profits and customer service. They can cost a business more money and can lead to an excess of inventory overstock that is difficult to move. Most of these problems are usually due to poor inventory processes and out-of-date systems, Gourdin et al(2001).
2.1.1 IMPORTANCE OF INVENTORY MANAGEMENT
Inventory Management is a process performed by almost all companies and organizations as the absence of inventory management may lead to loss of sales and customers in times of high demand. It can therefore be said that failure to manage inventory effectively can have a significant impact on a company’s performance and growth. According Coyle et al (2003), he emphasizes on the importance of inventory on the balance sheet, as he states that, “Inventory is an asset on the balance sheet of companies has taken an increased significance because of the strategy of many firms to reduce their inventory in fixed assets that is plants, warehouses, office buildings, equipment and machinery. Another importance of inventory can be placed on its ability to guard against stock outs costs. This cost is incurred when a customer’s demands cannot be fulfilled because the inventory is completely depleted. It refers to the disrupted production when materials are unavailable. In many instances, demand rates and delivery times are subjected to variability. According to Gaither (1996),Stock outs can be due to higher than average demand rates and longer than the normal delivery times.He again identifies another importance of inventory as, to maintain flexibility in scheduling. Here, costs and complexities related to scheduling personnel and equipment sometimes make it desirable to produce at times and quantities that do not directly correspond to the current demand. The ability to produce goods for inventory instead of directly for customers gives managers greater flexibility in scheduling.
2.1.2 THE REASONS FOR STOCKING INVENTORY
There are various reasons as to why firms and companies keep inventories or rather stock certain products. Reasons for maintaining inventories:
1. Demand
A retailer stays in business when he/she has the product the customer wants on hand when the customer wants them. If not, the retailer will have to back order the product. If the customer can get the goods from some other source, he or she many chose to do so rather than wait than wait in order to allow the original customer to meet demand later (through back-order). Hence, in some instances a sale is lost forever if goods are not in stock.
2. Running Operations
In order to manufacture a product a manufacturer must have certain purchased items (raw materials component or subassemblies). Completing the production of finished goods can be prevented when a manufacturer is running out of only one item. Inventory between successive dependent operations also serves to decouple the dependency of the operations. A work-center often depends upon the previous operation to provide it with parts to work on. If work stops at awork-center, all subsequent centers will shut down for lack of work. Each machine can maintain its operation for a limited time, hopefully until operations resume at the original center if a supply of work-in-progress inventory is kept between each work-center (kuku, 2004).
3. Lead Time
Lead time is the time that elapses between when order is placed (either a production order issued to the factory floor or a purchase order) and actual time goods ordered are received. If an external firm or an internal department or plant (supplier) cannot supply the required goods on demand, then the client firm must keep an inventory of needed goods. The larger the quantity of goods the firm must carry in inventory depends on the longer the lead time.
4. Hedge
Inventory can also be used as a hedge against price increases and inflation. Before a price increase goes into effect, salesmen routinely call purchasing agents. According to kuku (2004), this gives the buyer a chance to purchase material in excess of current need at a price that is lower than it would be if the buyer waited until after the price increase occurs.
5. Quantity Discount
Purchase of large quantities of goods often times attracts a price discount to the firms. This also frequently results in inventory in excess of what is currently needed to meet demand. However, the decision to buy in large quantities is justifiable if the discount is sufficient to offset the extra holding cost incurred as a result of the excess inventory.
6. Flexibility Of Inventory Service
Flexibility of inventory service provides an organization with the ability to keep inventory services to an agreed service level in a predictable fashion with acceptable risk and cost. This capability can be tested and valued by customers. Managing inventory to ensure high customer service level is critical in the supply chain.
According to Lieberman et al (2002), however, to maintain assets is very costly. Reflecting the level of availability of inventory to the customers is in three categories namely, raw material inventory, work-in-progress inventory and finished goods inventory. Excess in each side is

2.0 INTRODUCTION & COMPANY’S BACKGROUND
Our company’s name is a SpiceRoute Sdn Bhd and located at Rimba Square Kuala Nerus,Terengganu. Our Company is a grocery store selling Malay, Western, and Chinese and Indian cuisines. The spices sells in retail to customer and also bulk . Our company is expected to grow rapidly in forecasts due to globalization, and to increase the influence of Middle Eastern and Asian flavors in Malaysian cuisine and western cuisines.
This market has three levels and is divided into two categories at each level. The first level segmentation consists of Malay cuisine ingredients and western culinary ingredients. The second level consists of Chinese cuisine ingredients and Indian cuisine ingredients. Segmentation from first and second level according to the majority of Malaysians and western cuisines is a favorite food of Malaysians. Next on the third floor comprises of the food court and main restaurant which serves food from the culinary ingredients from SpiceRoute Sdn Bhd. Then, Customers can find the ingredients you want to buy easily because of the catalog. We will collect all the items for each category from first and second level in a printed piece to make it easier for customers to find the desired culinary ingredients. In addition, there are recipes cooked by the chef at the main restaurant located on the third floor. The catalog also has recipes from cuisine prepared from the main restaurant chef.
This industry is expected to forecast substantial growth, during both the busy and the time limit for busy worker. So, people prefer to go out and eat at restaurants and hotels. Therefore, SpiceRoute Sdn Bhd will be the focal point for dine. Besides, there is a seasoned market enabling the integration of racial diversity in Malaysia and facilitating housewives.

2.1 ORGANIZATION CHART
An organization should show interest in its employees. Person in charge of managing our company is directors. There are four departments that responsible to handle SpiceRoute Sdn Bhd. Human resource department. The Human Resources Manager plays a very important role. In this role, our company should appoint a human resource to assist and achieve the organization’s business objectives and plans. To achieve that, we need to have a very tactical approach and deep knowledge of the work system. Accounting department is able to identify the financial position and to know the financial outflow and entry. All cash related documents should be included or recorded to find out more precisely the position of the business whether in the month or year we gain profit or loss. The company must be smart and know the risks to be faced. When already having an account made on a regular basis it is easier to identify outflow and incoming cash flows, outstanding loan debtors or creditors. All can be identified if having periodically recorded accounts as well can reduce bank risk. Next, Marketing department. Our company practices the concept of marketing will not sell products that are not suitable to target targets and product sales or modify to meet customer requirements. Our company is a good marketing concept to ensure success for long term. Lastly, Administrative department is backbone of an organization. An effective administrator is an asset to an organization. He or she is the link between an organization’s various departments and ensures the smooth flow of information from one part to the other.
2.2 MISSION AND VISION STATEMENT
Our mission statement are we earn the loyalty of the people we serve by first anticipating, then fulfilling their needs with our superior-quality products, a unique shopping experience, customer-focused service and continuous innovation, while generating long-term profitable growth. Ensuring that businesses are managed conducive and meet customer requirements, aggressive steps should be taken to ensure that businesses run successfully and provide convenience to consumers. Then our vision is being remarkable. People will be disappointed shopping anywhere else. The business that we run is the first business in Malaysia. we will ensure customers will be through unique shopping in their lives.

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3.0 SITUATION ANALYSIS
Situation analysis refers to a collection of methods that managers use to analyze an organization’s internal and external environment to understand the organization’s capabilities, customers, and business environment. The situation analysis consists of several methods of analysis. There are 5Cs Analysis, SWOT analysis and Porter five forces analysis. The situation analysis looks at both the macro-environmental factors that affect many firms within the environment and the micro-environmental factors that specifically affect the firm. The purpose of the situation analysis is to indicate to a company about the organizational and product position, as well as the overall survival of the business, within the environment. Companies must be able to summarize opportunities and problems within the environment so they can understand their capabilities within the market. Situation analysis is important to ensure the company achieves the objectives and goals set by our company in line with the mission. Our business position is located in a strategic area. It should have a lot of competitors but we are the only retail shop that conceptualizes race food in Malaysia. Identifying whether competitors provide the same services or products to the same customer base is useful in gaining knowledge of direct competitors. Both direct and indirect competitors must be identified, as well as potential future competitors.

3.1 CURRENT GOOD/SERVICE CATEGORY
The ingredients are sold in four main categories. The first category is Malay food. The second category is western food. The third category is Chinese food and the last category is Indian food. Each category has spices and herbs according to their respective race privileges. Besides, our company has food court and main restaurant at level three.
Other than privilege our spice ingredients. We also have condiment as added to disk to add its flavor. Current good at our company has two categories (Durable and Nondurable). Durable goods in term of cutlery, cooking equipment, spice rack stand holder and alphabetized spice label stickers. Nondurable goods in term of our spice group and dining place. After that, current service at our company also has two categories. First, Amusement services for customer such as mini playground, cooking tutorial video show and instrumental. Second, Groceries services at our company. we provide suitable theme at every main category according to their respective themes. We also practicing customer service is a key to successful business.

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