110. Importance of botanical gardens
A botanical garden is mainly an assemblage of plants for the public to view, just like a museum. This assemblage can be in the form of medieval, medicinal, ornamental or scientific gardens. The first botanical gardens were medicinal gardens designed to show medical and pharmacy students the plants they needed for their profession. Thus, this made easy for researchers to study different medicinal plants. Later, the botanical gardens broke away from their medical importance and went to the study of plants for themselves i.e. Botany. So this opened the field of research on different kind of plants for students.Currently, people are made aware all around the world to observe the plant world through these botanical gardens. More and more botanical gardens are made available to the public.Because of its structure, it is a planted area with access and walkways and is therefore a park in which it is possible to walk, relax and breathe a little cleaner than elsewhere. It can therefore have a simple recreational function. It should be noted, however, that unlike a city park, the botanical garden contains plants, some of which may be toxic or aggressive. A public warning and surveillance of children and animals is therefore required.Botanical Gardens allow an audience to see plants and to have information about them. So we can see the names of plants, both the scientific name and the name in local languages. You can also learn about their uses, which can be ornamental, medicinal, nutritional, technical or scientific. While the ornamental nature of the plants is clearly visible on the moment, other interests are to be described to the public. A botanical garden therefore provides information about plants and their different uses. In general it does so by means of the labels provided by the plants, but it can also be done by publishing a descriptive brochure or even through AV films or slideshows.A character which must be indicated on the spot is the possible toxicity. This information concerns non-native plants, which the public sees only here exclusively, and also the native plants, which one usually rubs shoulders unaware but without knowing anything about them.The educational function is currently extended to schoolchildren who come to follow guided tours as part of the teaching of biology. The garden thus provides privilege for the initiation of young kids to nature. Thus students get to learn about the nature and different flora present in the nature.The botanical garden by the simple presence of plants gives the people an idea of ??the contrasting diversity in the nature but also the different varieties of plants that can grow in the region and in the specific climatic conditions. These gardens, thus, showcase the type of plants in the specific region for naturists and horticulturists.The scientific importance has always been constant from ancient and medieval botanical gardens. These gardens provide research data to scientists for development in the fields like medicine, biotechnology etc. Presence of endangered and rare plants in botanical gardens, allow people to know about them and respect them. Thus, such plants can also be conserved in a way by the help of botanical gardens.In conclusion, a botanical garden is a living museum which helps the people to visualize and realize the beauty, the richness and the diversity of the plant world. It also delivers a message to educate the public to respect our environment whose plants are not just an important for their function of photosynthesis, but also the most ornamental.