1. Bhakti Movement
A cult of love and devotion that ultimately sought to erase the distinction between Hinduism and Islam, emerged in southern India

2. Chola Kingdom
The Kingdom of the Chola was one of the two kingdoms the flourished in Southern India. It controlled the Coromandel four centuries from 850 – 1267 CE. At its high point it had ruled Ceylon and even parts of South-East Asia. Chola rulers allowed a considerable autonomy for local and village institutions so long as they did not stop paying taxes. The Chola Kingdom began to decline through internal revolts around the 12th century.

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3. Majapahit
It is the empire of 13th-16th C. central Java, rose in the wake of Mongol invasions. It was the biggest and most powerful SE Asian island state in history. It controlled almost all of what is today Indonesia. It was golden age of Java culture.

4. Gupta dynasty
The Gupta Empire was an ancient Indian empire that was founded in 320 CE and survived until about 550 CE. The Gupta Empire covered most of north and central India, as well as Bangladesh. It was known to be one of the most peaceful and wealthy civilizations of its time. it is the Indian History including developments in politics, economics, culture, social life, religion and art.

5. Irrigation systems
It is the system replacement or supplementation of rainfall with water from another source in order to grow crops.

6. Angkor kingdom
Southeast Asian Khmer kingdom that was centered on the temple cities of Ankor Thom and Angkor Wat.

7. Jati
It is the A sub caste, it refers to your profession and many in the same jati formed guilds

8. Melaka
The first major center of Islam in Southeast Asia, a port kingdom on the southwestern coast of the Malay Peninsula.

9. Shiva
An important Hindu god who in the trinity of gods was the Destroyer. Shiva was the God of fertility and destroyer. He bought life but took it away when its season had passed.

10. Mahmud of Ghazni
Islamic leader who raided throughout northern India, destroying Hindu and Buddhist temples. His many motive was money.

11. Ramanuja
Ramanuja, a devotee of Vishnu who was active during the 11th and early 12 th centuries c.e. He proclaimed the supremacy of Vishnu-Narayana and emphasizes that devotion to Vishnu will lead to ultimate liberation.

1. It was interesting to learn about the challenges South Asian countries face in global stage. I didn’t know South Asia was referred as the least economically joined region in the world and that it has not developed its trade to its potential although geographically its is ideal for trade. I got to know that only less than 20% of South Asia’s hydropower is developed and shared.
It was also interesting to know that South Asian rivers offer more than energy. The growth could be increased massively by trade and sharing goods among countries, but regional trade is the lowest in the world which is surprising. Border crossings and trade in South Asia are not properly routed and its being congested and cost for trade seems to be higher in South Asia than outside. It was good to know that South Asia has its resources already it just needs cooperation among countries to solve its challenges.
Another interesting thing that I found was about my country Sri Lanka ranked the highest in South Asia in HDI and the 73rd in the world with the highest expected schooling years and literacy rates and life expectancies. Although Sri Lanka faced a civil war for around 30 years luckily the government and people were able to recover faster and to make it a better country that standout today among many countries in South Asia and as well as the world.


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